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Titolo:
Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase use of child safety seats
Autore:
Zaza, S; Sleet, DA; Thompson, RS; Sosin, DM; Bolen, JC;
Indirizzi:
CDCP, Off Director, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Div Prevent Res & Analyt Methods, Epidemiol Program Off, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Div Unintent Injury, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Off Director, Natl Ctr Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 Injury Prevent & Control, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP, Div Adult & Community Hlth, Natl Ctr Chron Dis Prevent & Hlth Promot, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA CDCP Atlanta GA USA 30341 is Prevent & Hlth Promot, Atlanta, GA 30341 USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv, Seattle, WA USA Task Force Community Prevent Serv Seattle WA USA t Serv, Seattle, WA USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound, Dept Prevent Care, Seattle, WA 98121 USA Grp Hlth Cooperat Puget Sound Seattle WA USA 98121 Seattle, WA 98121 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 21, anno: 2001, supplemento:, S
pagine: 31 - 47
SICI:
0749-3797(200111)21:4<31:ROERIT>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PASSENGER SAFETY; RESTRAINT USE; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN; HEALTH-EDUCATION; PROTECTION; COMMUNITY; INJURIES; PROGRAMS; INFANTS; LEGISLATION;
Keywords:
accidents, traffic; motor vehicles; wounds and injuries; infant equipment; protective devices; community health services; decision making; evidence-based medicine; economics; preventive health services; public health practice;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
101
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Zaza, S CDCP, Community Guide Branch, 4770 Buford Highway,MS-K73, Atlanta,GA 30341 USA CDCP 4770 Buford Highway,MS-K73 Atlanta GA USA 30341 GA 30341 USA
Citazione:
S. Zaza et al., "Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to increase use of child safety seats", AM J PREV M, 21(4), 2001, pp. 31-47

Abstract

Background: In 1998, nearly 600 child occupants of motor vehicles aged younger than 4 years died in motor vehicle crashes. Yet approximately 29% of children aged 4 years and younger do not ride in appropriate child safety seat restraints, which, when correctly installed and used, reduce the need for hospitalization in this age group by 69% and the risk of death by approximately 70% for infants and by 47% to 54% for toddlers (aged 1 to 4 years). Methods: The systematic review development Learn reviewed the scientific evidence of effectiveness for five interventions to increase child safety seat use. For each intervention, changes in the use of child safety seats or injury rates were the outcome measures evaluated to determine the success of the intervention. Database searching was concluded in March 1998. More than 3500 citations were screened; of these citations, 72 met the inclusion criteria for the reviews. Results: The systematic review process identified strong evidence of effectiveness for child safety seat laws and distribution plus education programs. In addition, community-wide information plus enhanced enforcement campaigns and incentive plus education programs had sufficient evidence of effectiveness. Insufficient evidence was identified for education-only programs aimed at parents, young children, healthcare professionals, or law enforcement personnel. Conclusions: Evidence is available about the effectiveness of four of the five interventions we reviewed. This scientific evidence, along with the accompanying recommendations of the Task Force elsewhere in this supplement, call be a powerful tool for securing the resources and commitment required to implement these strategies.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 18:30:39