Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
IMPAIRMENTS OF BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR - THE NEUROLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL
Autore:
OSCARBERMAN M; SHAGRIN B; EVERT DL; EPSTEIN C;
Indirizzi:
BOSTON UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT BOSTON MA 02215 BOSTON UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT NEUROL BOSTON MA 02118 VET AFFAIRS MED CTR,PSYCHOL RES SERV BOSTON MA 00000 HARVARD UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT PSYCHIAT BOSTON MA 02115 EMORY UNIV,SCH MED ATLANTA GA 30322
Titolo Testata:
Alcohol health and research world
fascicolo: 1, volume: 21, anno: 1997,
pagine: 65 - 75
SICI:
0090-838X(1997)21:1<65:IOBAB->2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RECOVERY; ASYMMETRIES; LESIONS;
Keywords:
CHRONIC AODE (ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG EFFECTS); AODR (ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUG RELATED) DISORDER; BRAIN FUNCTION; BRAIN DAMAGE; NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDER; BRAIN IMAGING; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT; COGNITIVE PROCESS; EMOTION; MEMORY; LEARNING; PERSONALITY; NEUROTRANSMITTERS; PATIENT FAMILY HISTORY; MALNUTRITION; LIVER DISORDER; AGING; GENDER DIFFERENCES; DRUG THERAPY; HYPOTHESIS TESTING;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M. Oscarberman et al., "IMPAIRMENTS OF BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR - THE NEUROLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL", Alcohol health and research world, 21(1), 1997, pp. 65-75

Abstract

Chronic heavy drinking and alcoholism can have serious repercussions for the functioning of the entire nervous system, particularly the brain. These effects include changes in emotions and personality as well as impaired perception, learning, and memory. Neuropathological and imaging techniques have provided evidence of physical brain abnormalities in alcoholics, such as atrophy of nerve cells and brain shrinkage. At the cellular level, alcohol appears to directly affect brain function in a variety of ways, primarily by interfering with the action of glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and other neurotransmitters. Neurological disorders also can result from vitamin deficiency and liver disease, two health problems that commonly occur with alcoholism. Other hypotheses, based on factors such as aging, gender, and genetics, have been developed to explain various alcohol-related neurological consequences. Many pharmacological treatments to improve neuropsychological functioning in alcoholics have been tested but none has proved entirely successful. With prolonged abstinence, however, slow recovery of cognitive functioning can occur in some cases.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 20:08:35