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Titolo:
Male-female differences in transitions from first drug opportunity to first use: Searching for subgroup variation by age, race, region, and urban status
Autore:
Van Etten, ML; Anthony, JC;
Indirizzi:
Johns Hopkins Univ, Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mental Hyg, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21205 al Hyg, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Univ Michigan, Dept Psychiat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA Univ Michigan Ann Arbor MI USA 48109 pt Psychiat, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF WOMENS HEALTH & GENDER-BASED MEDICINE
fascicolo: 8, volume: 10, anno: 2001,
pagine: 797 - 804
SICI:
1524-6094(200110)10:8<797:MDITFF>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ADOLESCENT SUBSTANCE USE; SEX-DIFFERENCES; GENDER DIFFERENCES; ADDICT CAREERS; COCAINE; HEROIN; EPIDEMIOLOGY; INITIATION; DISORDERS; MARIJUANA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Anthony, JC Johns Hopkins Univ, Bloomberg Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Mental Hyg, Hampton House 893,624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Hampton House 893,624 N Broadway Baltimore MD USA 21205
Citazione:
M.L. Van Etten e J.C. Anthony, "Male-female differences in transitions from first drug opportunity to first use: Searching for subgroup variation by age, race, region, and urban status", J WOMEN H G, 10(8), 2001, pp. 797-804

Abstract

Recent studies in the United States suggest that male-female differences in the prevalence of drug use may result from sex differences in opportunities to use drugs rather than from differences in the likelihood of making a transition into drug use once an opportunity has occurred. That is, men have more opportunities to try drugs, but women appear to be just as likely asmen to initiate drug use when given the opportunity to do so. This paper examines whether this general observation holds for subgroups defined by ageor birth cohort, race/ethnicity, geographic region, and urban status. We analyzed data from the 1991, 1992, and 1993 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. We found general consistency across the subgroups studied. Males were more likely than females to have opportunities to use drugs, but the sexes were equally likely to make a transition into drug use once an opportunity had occurred to try a drug. The implications of this evidence are discussed in relation to the epidemiology and prevention of drug use and with respect to future research on sex and gender differences in drug involvement.

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Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 02:40:26