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Titolo:
Insulin-mediated vasorelaxation in pregnancy
Autore:
Ang, C; Hillier, C; MacDonald, A; Cameron, A; Greer, I; Lumsden, MA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Glasgow, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Lanark, Scotland Univ Glasgow Glasgow Lanark Scotland G3 8SJ sgow G3 8SJ, Lanark, Scotland Queen Mothers Hosp, Dept Fetal Med, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland Queen Mothers Hosp Glasgow Lanark Scotland ed, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
fascicolo: 10, volume: 108, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1088 - 1093
SICI:
1470-0328(200110)108:10<1088:IVIP>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ISOLATED RESISTANCE ARTERIES; VASCULAR SMOOTH-MUSCLE; NITRIC-OXIDE RELEASE; HUMAN FOREARM; ENDOTHELIUM; VASODILATION; REACTIVITY; RELAXATION; VESSELS; FLOW;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Lumsden, MA Univ Glasgow, Queen Mothers Hosp, Dept Obstet & Gynaecol, Glasgow G3 8SJ, Lanark, Scotland Univ Glasgow Glasgow Lanark Scotland G3 8SJ Lanark, Scotland
Citazione:
C. Ang et al., "Insulin-mediated vasorelaxation in pregnancy", BR J OBST G, 108(10), 2001, pp. 1088-1093

Abstract

Objective To investigate insulin-mediated vasorelaxation in pregnancy, andthe role of nitric oxide in this response. Design In vitro study of isolated subcutaneous resistance arteries from pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods Small arteries (mean vessel diameter < 300 mum) were isolated frombiopsies of subcutaneous fat from 14 pregnant and seven non-pregnant women. Insulin- mediated attenuation of the vasoconstriction response to noradrenaline, before and after nitric oxide synthase inhibition, was studied in isolated arteries using wire myography. Vessel responses to noradrenaline following incubation with insulin were also tested after endothelial denudation. Maximum responses were compared using one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's post hoc test for multiple comparisons. Results In pregnancy, the maximum vasoconstriction produced by noradrenaline was increased (P < 0.01). Insulin significantly reduced this response inpregnant women (P < 0.0 1), while inhibition of nitric oxide synthase withN-omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) resulted in potentiation (P< 0.05). Following inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with L-NAME, addition of the insulin was still able to produce a significant attenuation in maximum vasoconstriction to noradrenaline in pregnant women (P < 0.0 1). Furthermore, the absence of functioning endothelium did not abolish the attenuating effect of the insulin on noradrenaline-induced vasoconstriction in pregnant women (P < 0.01). Conclusions The vasodilatory effect of insulin is not diminished in pregnancy, despite the development of insulin resistance. Furthermore, the attenuation of vasoconstrictor tone is via an endothelium-independent mechanism. This suggests that the vascular dysfunction associated with diabetes mellitus does not occur with physiological insulin resistance.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 20:36:30