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Titolo:
Intoxicated motor vehicle passengers - An overlooked at-risk population
Autore:
Schermer, CR; Qualls, CR; Brown, CL; Apodaca, TR;
Indirizzi:
Univ New Mexico, Sch Med, Dept Surg, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Univ New Mexico Albuquerque NM USA 87131 Surg, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Univ New Mexico, Sch Med, Gen Clin Res Ctr, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA UnivNew Mexico Albuquerque NM USA 87131 s Ctr, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF SURGERY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 136, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1244 - 1248
SICI:
0004-0010(200111)136:11<1244:IMVP-A>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRAUMA DEATHS; ALCOHOL-ABUSE; INJURIES; DRIVERS; IDENTIFICATION; EPIDEMIOLOGY; MORTALITY; REDUCTION; CRASHES; CARE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schermer, CR Univ New Mexico, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Surg, ACC-2,915 Camino Salud, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Univ New Mexico ACC-2,915 Camino Salud Albuquerque NM USA 87131
Citazione:
C.R. Schermer et al., "Intoxicated motor vehicle passengers - An overlooked at-risk population", ARCH SURG, 136(11), 2001, pp. 1244-1248

Abstract

Hypotheses: Intoxicated motor vehicle passengers are similar to intoxicated drivers in recurrent health care encounters and risk of death for 5 yearsafter injury. Intoxicated passengers have a greater risk of death than population controls. Design: Historical cohort study. Setting: University-based level I trauma center. Participants: Motor Vehicle crash victims admitted to a level I trauma center in 1993. Main Outcome Measures: Recurrent hospitalization, emergency department visits, survival analysis, and standardized mortality ratios for 5 years following injury. Results: More than one quarter of intoxicated passengers and drivers had recurrent hospitalizations and emergency department visits. Intoxicated occupants were more likely to return to the hospital and the emergency department than nonintoxicated controls (odds ratios, 2.0 and 2.7, respectively). Intoxicated passengers were at increased risk of dying compared with nonintoxicated occupants (P = .008) and with the general population (standardized mortality ratio = 5.8). Intoxicated occupants were more likely to die an alcohol-related death (P < .001). Conclusions: Intoxicated passengers injured in a motor vehicle crash are similar to intoxicated drivers in recurrent hospitalizations and emergency department visits. Intoxicated passengers have an increased mortality rate in the 5 years following injury.

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Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 05:38:42