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Titolo:
Combined intra-operative monitoring of hearing by means of auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and transtympanic electrocochleography (ECochG) during surgery of intra- and extrameatal acoustic neurinomas
Autore:
Schlake, HP; Milewski, C; Goldbrunner, RH; Kindgen, A; Riemann, R; Helms, J; Roosen, K;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wurzburg, Heart Clin, Dept Neurosurg, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 rosurg, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg, Heart Clin, Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany Dept Otorhinolaryngol, Wurzburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA
fascicolo: 10, volume: 143, anno: 2001,
pagine: 985 - 995
SICI:
0001-6268(2001)143:10<985:CIMOHB>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VESTIBULAR SCHWANNOMA SURGERY; NEUROMA SURGERY; EVOKED-POTENTIALS; NERVE FUNCTION; PRESERVATION; MANAGEMENT; ELECTRODE;
Keywords:
acoustic neurinomas; auditory evoked potentials; electrocochleography; intra-operative monitoring;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schlake, HP Univ Wurzburg, Klin & Poliklin Neurochirurg, Josef Schneider Str 11, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Josef Schneider Str 11 Wurzburg Germany D-97080
Citazione:
H.P. Schlake et al., "Combined intra-operative monitoring of hearing by means of auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and transtympanic electrocochleography (ECochG) during surgery of intra- and extrameatal acoustic neurinomas", ACT NEUROCH, 143(10), 2001, pp. 985-995

Abstract

Background. Although being established as a standard procedure in intra-operative monitoring in acoustic neurinoma surgery, auditory brainstem responses (ABR) represent a far-field technique bearing some technical limitations. This prospective study was designed to evaluate electrocochleography (ECochG) as a supplementary tool for hearing preservation. Method. 84 patients with unilateral intra-/extrameatal acoustic neurinomas(extrameatal diameter: 5-55 mm) preserving serviceable hearing, were operated on using a combined (neuro-/otosurgical) suboccipital approach. ECochG was recorded simultaneously to ABR following transtympanic insertion of a steel needle electrode into the promontory under otoscopic view. Findings. Serviceable hearing (Class 1-3 according to Gardner/Robertson) was preserved in 43 out of 84 patients (51.2%), of whom 40 showed both ECochG and ABR being preserved. All 24 patients with loss of both modalities became deaf. Hearing preservation was observed in 4 out of 12 patients with preserved ECochG but loss of ABR (waves IH-V). The reverse was observed in 2 cases with postoperative deafness. While both ECochG and ABR amplitudes were significantly correlated with pre- and postoperative hearing, latencies of ECochG summating (SP) and action potential (AP) proved to be more reliable indicators for preserved hearing than ABR (peak I/III/V) latencies. The predictive value of baseline ABR amplitudes for postoperative hearing, however, was superior to ECochG parameters. Only in large neurinomas (extrameatal diameter: >2 cm) tumour size was found to be a significant predictor for the preservation of hearing. Apart from three cases with postoperative otoliquorrhea and one further case presenting with local bleeding within the external acoustic meatus, no side effects were observed. Conclusions. In combination with ABR monitoring, ECochG-proved to be a useful supplementary tool for hearing preservation in acoustic neurinoma. surgery. It is particularly helpful during electrocautery and drilling, since no averaging is required. Special applications are: (1) small tumours with good serviceable hearing; (2) and/or a large intrameatal portion; (3) cases with lost or endangered contralateral hearing (e.g. bilateral acoustic neurinomas), when the preservation of poor or even non-functional hearing is desirable.

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Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 20:50:22