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Titolo:
Drug related medical emergencies in the elderly: role of adverse drug reactions and non-compliance
Autore:
Malhotra, S; Karan, RS; Pandhi, P; Jain, S;
Indirizzi:
Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res, Dept Pharmacol, Chandigarh 160012, India Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res Chandigarh India 160012 igarh 160012, India Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res, Dept Internal Med, Chandigarh 160012, India Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res Chandigarh India 160012 igarh 160012, India
Titolo Testata:
POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL JOURNAL
fascicolo: 913, volume: 77, anno: 2001,
pagine: 703 - 707
SICI:
0032-5473(200111)77:913<703:DRMEIT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS;
Keywords:
adverse drug reactions; non-compliance; drug related medical emergencies; elderly;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pandhi, P Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res, Dept Pharmacol, Chandigarh 160012,India Postgrad Inst Med Educ & Res Chandigarh India 160012 12, India
Citazione:
S. Malhotra et al., "Drug related medical emergencies in the elderly: role of adverse drug reactions and non-compliance", POSTG MED J, 77(913), 2001, pp. 703-707

Abstract

Background-Adverse drug reactions and non-compliance are important causes of admissions in the elderly to medical clinics. The contribution of adverse drug reactions and non-compliance to admission by the medical emergency department was analysed. Methods-A total of 578 consecutive elderly patients admitted to the medical emergency department were interviewed to determine the percentage of admissions due to adverse drug reactions or noncompliance with medication regimens, their causes, consequences, and predictors. Results-Eighty three (14.4%) of the 578 admissions were drug related: 39 (6.7%) caused by adverse drug reactions and 44 (7.6%) caused by non-compliance with medication. One hundred ninety two (33.2%) patients had a history of non-compliance. Factors associated with an increased risk of admission because of an adverse drug reaction were patients with diabetes or neoplasms,and patients using numerous different medications. Factors associated witha higher risk of hospitalisation because of non-compliance were poor recall of the medication regimen, seeing numerous physicians, female sex, polypharmacy, drug costs, and switching over to non-conventional forms of treatment. Conclusion-Many elderly admissions are drug related, with non-compliance accounting for a substantial fraction of these. Elderly people at high risk of suffering a drug related medical emergency are identified and suitable interventions may be planned by the healthcare policymakers to target them.

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Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 01:32:49