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Titolo:
Acquisition of a novel vocabulary in an amnesic patient
Autore:
Van der Linden, M; Cornil, V; Meulemans, T; Ivanoiu, A; Salmon, E; Coyette, F;
Indirizzi:
Univ Liege, Serv Neuropsychol, B-4000 Liege, Belgium Univ Liege Liege Belgium B-4000 Serv Neuropsychol, B-4000 Liege, Belgium Univ Geneva, Unite Psychopathol Cognit, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland UnivGeneva Geneva Switzerland 4 l Cognit, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland Univ Catholique Louvain, Unite Neuropsychol Cognit, B-1348 Louvain, Belgium Univ Catholique Louvain Louvain Belgium B-1348 , B-1348 Louvain, Belgium Clin Univ St Luc, Ctr Revalidat Neuropsychol, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Clin Univ St Luc Brussels Belgium B-1200 ychol, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Clin Univ St Luc, Dept Neurol, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Clin Univ St Luc Brussels Belgium B-1200 eurol, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium Univ Liege, Serv Neurol, B-4000 Liege, Belgium Univ Liege Liege Belgium B-4000 iege, Serv Neurol, B-4000 Liege, Belgium
Titolo Testata:
NEUROCASE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 7, anno: 2001,
pagine: 283 - 293
SICI:
1355-4794(2001)7:4<283:AOANVI>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEMANTIC MEMORY; EPISODIC MEMORY; HIPPOCAMPUS; INSIGHTS;
Keywords:
amnesia; autobiographical memory; vocabulary acquisition; semantic memory; episodic memory;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Van der Linden, M Univ Liege, Neuropsychol Unit, Blvd Rectorat B33, B-4000Liege, Belgium Univ Liege Blvd Rectorat B33 Liege Belgium B-4000 lgium
Citazione:
M. Van der Linden et al., "Acquisition of a novel vocabulary in an amnesic patient", NEUROCASE, 7(4), 2001, pp. 283-293

Abstract

This study explored the ability of a severe amnesic patient (AC) to acquire new vocabulary words. We compared AC's knowledge of words entered into the French lexicon during three different periods: before 1920, between 1965 and 1985, and after 1986 (i.e. after the onset of his amnesia). AC's knowledge was assessed by asking him to give, for each word, its definition (word-definition task), the general domain to which the word belonged ('domain' task), and to generate a sentence containing the word (sentence-generation task). Finally, we administered a recognition task in which AC had to select, for each word, its correct definition amongst four definitions. For all of these tasks, the results showed that AC's performance was similar to that of four control subjects matched for age, education, and profession. In particular, there was no difference with regard to AC's knowledge of words entered into the language after the onset of his amnesia. Therefore, these results indicate that, despite his profound amnesia, AC was able to learn normally new vocabulary words. More generally, they confirm that, at least issome cases, semantic learning can be spared in amnesia.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 08:10:24