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Titolo:
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) and driving impairment
Autore:
Logan, BK; Couper, FJ;
Indirizzi:
Bur Forens Lab Serv, Washington State Toxicol Lab, Washington State Patrol, Seattle, WA 98134 USA Bur Forens Lab Serv Seattle WA USA 98134 te Patrol, Seattle, WA 98134 USA Univ Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA Univ Washington Seattle WA USA 98195 iv Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES
fascicolo: 6, volume: 46, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1426 - 1433
SICI:
0022-1198(200111)46:6<1426:3(EADI>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DESIGNER DRUGS ECSTASY; SEROTONIN SYNDROME; COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE; DEATH; COMPLICATIONS; INTOXICATION; FATALITY; TOXICITY; HUMANS; USERS;
Keywords:
forensic science; MDMA; ecstasy; driving impairment;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Logan, BK Bur Forens Lab Serv, Washington State Toxicol Lab, Washington State Patrol, 2203 Airport Way S, Seattle, WA 98134 USA Bur Forens Lab Serv 2203 Airport Way S Seattle WA USA 98134 USA
Citazione:
B.K. Logan e F.J. Couper, "3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) and driving impairment", J FOREN SCI, 46(6), 2001, pp. 1426-1433

Abstract

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or MDMA, is increasing in popularity inthe United States as a drug of abuse. It has stimulant and empathogenic mood altering properties with the potential to, affect psychomotor skills andimpact driving. This report reviews the literature relating to the relevant psychomotor effects of the drug, the relationship between dose and blood concentrations, and studies and case reports on specific effects of the drug on driving. The latter reports include both laboratory driving simulator studies and anecdotal reports, and case series. We also report details of eighteen cases of apparent MDMA impaired driving, including six drivers, whose blood tested positive for MDMA alone. Most subjects displayed muscle twitching and body tremors, dilated pupils, slow pupillary reaction to light, elevated pulse and blood pressure, lack of balance and coordination, and most were perspiring profusely. Five six subjects were given field sobriety tests, (one leg stand, walk and turn test), and all five performed poorly. There was no clear correlation between the blood concentration of MDMA and the specific demeanor of the subject. These findings are consistent with other reports, and lead to the conclusion that MDMA use is not consistent withsafe driving, and that impairment of various types may persist for a considerable time after last use.

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Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 23:11:27