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Titolo:
Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings
Autore:
Junker, MH; Danuser, B; Monn, C; Koller, T;
Indirizzi:
ETH Ctr, Fed Inst Technol, Inst Hyg & Appl Physiol, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland ETH Ctr Zurich Switzerland CH-8092 Physiol, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland Fed Inst Technol, Lab Solid State Phys, Zurich, Switzerland Fed Inst Technol Zurich Switzerland lid State Phys, Zurich, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
fascicolo: 10, volume: 109, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1045 - 1052
SICI:
0091-6765(200110)109:10<1045:ASRONA>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STARTLE REFLEX; AIR-POLLUTION; PERSONAL EXPOSURE; PASSIVE SMOKING; ATTENTION; RESPONSIVENESS; MODULATION; BUILDINGS; CIGARETTE; ODORS;
Keywords:
environmental tobacco smoke; indoor air quality; odor threshold; sensory symptoms; ventilation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Danuser, B ETH Ctr, Fed Inst Technol, Inst Hyg & Appl Physiol, Clausiusstr25, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland ETH Ctr Clausiusstr 25 Zurich SwitzerlandCH-8092 Switzerland
Citazione:
M.H. Junker et al., "Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings", ENVIR H PER, 109(10), 2001, pp. 1045-1052

Abstract

The objective of this study was to provide a basis for effectively protecting nonsmokers from acute sensory impacts and for preventing deterioration of indoor air quality caused by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) emissions. With an olfactory experiment we determined odor detection thresholds (OT)of sidestream ETS (sETS), and with a full-body exposure experiment we investigated sensory symptoms at very low sETS exposure concentrations. OT concentrations for sETS are three and more orders of magnitude lower than ETS concentrations measured in field settings and correspond to a fresh air dilution volume of > 19,000 m(3) per cigarette, over 100 times more than had previously been suggested for acceptable indoor air conditions. Eye and nasalirritations were observed at one order of magnitude lower sETS concentrations than previously reported, corresponding to a fresh air dilution volume of > 3,000 m(3) per cigarette. These findings have great practical implications for defining indoor air quality standards in indoor compartments whereETS emissions occur. Our study strongly supports the implementation and control of smoking policies such as segregating smoking areas from areas where smoking is not permitted or instituting smoking bans in public buildings.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 20:32:34