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Titolo:
Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health
Autore:
Roux, AVD;
Indirizzi:
Columbia Univ, Joseph T Mailman Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, New York, NYUSA Columbia Univ New York NY USA Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, New York, NYUSA Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg, Div Gen Med, New York, NY 10032 USA Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg New York NY USA 10032 w York, NY 10032 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
fascicolo: 11, volume: 91, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1783 - 1789
SICI:
0090-0036(200111)91:11<1783:INAAEO>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; SYSTEMATIC SOCIAL OBSERVATION; LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT; MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS; RISK-FACTORS; SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS; ALAMEDA-COUNTY; PREMATURE MORTALITY; DEPRIVATION; COMMUNITY;
Tipo documento:
Editorial Material
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
91
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Roux, AVD Columbia Presbyterian Med Ctr, Div Gen Med, Ph 9,East Room 105,622 W 168thSt, New York, NY 10032 USA Columbia Presbyterian Med Ctr Ph 9,East Room 105,622 W 168th St New York NY USA 10032
Citazione:
A.V.D. Roux, "Investigating neighborhood and area effects on health", AM J PUB HE, 91(11), 2001, pp. 1783-1789

Abstract

The past few years have witnessed an explosion of interest in neighborhoodor area effects on health. Several types of empiric studies have been usedto examine possible area or neighborhood effects, including ecologic studies relating area characteristics to morbidity and mortality rates, contextual and multilevel analyses relating area socioeconomic context to health outcomes, and studies comparing small numbers of well-defined neighborhoods. Strengthening inferences regarding the presence and magnitude of neighborhood effects will require addressing a series of conceptual and methodological issues. Many of these issues relate to the need to develop theory and specific hypotheses on the processes through which neighborhood and individual factors may jointly influence specific health outcomes. Important challenges include defining neighborhoods or relevant geographic areas, identifying significant area or neighborhood characteristics, specifying the role of individual-level variables, incorporating life-course and longitudinal dimensions, combining a variety of research designs, and avoiding reductionism in the way in which "neighborhood" factors are incorporated into models of disease causation and quantitative analyses.

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Documento generato il 11/07/20 alle ore 20:57:22