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Titolo:
The contributions of Otfrid Foerster (1873-1941) to neurology and neurosurgery
Autore:
Tan, TC; Black, PM;
Indirizzi:
Harvard Univ, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Sch Med, Dept Neurosurg, Boston, MA 02139 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02139 ed, Dept Neurosurg, Boston, MA 02139 USA
Titolo Testata:
NEUROSURGERY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 49, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1231 - 1235
SICI:
0148-396X(200111)49:5<1231:TCOOF(>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
history of neurology; history of neurosurgery; Otfrid Foerster;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Black, PM Harvard Univ, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Sch Med, Dept Neurosurg, 75Francis St, Boston, MA 02139 USA Harvard Univ 75 Francis St Boston MA USA 02139 ton, MA 02139 USA
Citazione:
T.C. Tan e P.M. Black, "The contributions of Otfrid Foerster (1873-1941) to neurology and neurosurgery", NEUROSURGER, 49(5), 2001, pp. 1231-1235

Abstract

BEST REMEMBERED FOR his description of the dermatomes in man, Otfrid Foerster was also an adept neurosurgeon and an innovative experimental neurophysiologist. As a neurologist, his contributions included conceptualizing rhizotomy as a cure for spasticity, anterolateral cordotomy for pain, the hyperventilation test in epilepsy, Foerster's syndrome, and the first electrocorticogram of a brain tumor. As a neurosurgeon, Foerster was able to excise intraventricular, hypophyseal, and quadrigeminal lesions and to perform epilepsy surgery under primitive conditions without clips, diathermy, or suction. The results were good and reflected his consummate knowledge of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. As an investigator, Foerster emphasized clinically orientated neurophysiology and was able to forge a link between his observations and proposed methods of treatment. A prolific writer, he published more than 300 scientific monographs encompassing every aspect of the nervous system, including tabes, movement disorders, spasticity, extrapyramidal diseases, dermatomes, epilepsy, cortical localization, brain tumors, peripheral nerve injuries, and pain. Foerster's superb command of languages led tohis popularity as a speaker in Europe and North America. Students who flocked to learn from his encyclopedic knowledge and skill were privy to Foerster's legendary hospitality and charm. A man of delicate constitution, he was single-minded in his quest to unravel the mysteries of the nervous system. The inscription Patriae scientiae inserviendo or "In the service of science and Fatherland" was chosen by Foerster for his Institute of Neurology and is a fitting memorial to this neurosurgical giant.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 04:28:24