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Titolo:
Androgen suppression of GnRH-stimulated rat LH beta gene transcription occurs through Sp1 sites in the distal GnRH-responsive promoter region
Autore:
Curtin, D; Jenkins, S; Farmer, N; Anderson, AC; Haisenleder, DJ; Rissman, E; Wilson, EM; Shupnik, MA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Virginia, Dept Pharmacol, Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia Charlottesville VA USA 22908 Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia, Dept Internal Med, Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia Charlottesville VA USA 22908 Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia, Dept Biol, Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia Charlottesville VA USA 22908 Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ N Carolina, Dept Biochem & Biophys, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill NC USA 27599 ophys, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA Univ N Carolina, Dept Pediat, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill NC USA 27599 ediat, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA
Titolo Testata:
MOLECULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1906 - 1917
SICI:
0888-8809(200111)15:11<1906:ASOGRL>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING-HORMONE; RECEPTOR MESSENGER-RNA; ALPHA-SUBUNIT GENE; STEROIDOGENIC FACTOR-I; LUTEINIZING-HORMONE; TRANSGENIC MICE; DNA-BINDING; PROXIMAL PROMOTER; ESTROGEN-RECEPTOR; PULSE FREQUENCY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Shupnik, MA Univ Virginia, Med Ctr, Dept Internal Med Endocrinol, Box 8800578,7141 Multistory Bldg OMS, Charlottesville, VA 22908 USA Univ Virginia Box 8800578,7141 Multistory Bldg OMS Charlottesville VA USA 22908
Citazione:
D. Curtin et al., "Androgen suppression of GnRH-stimulated rat LH beta gene transcription occurs through Sp1 sites in the distal GnRH-responsive promoter region", MOL ENDOCR, 15(11), 2001, pp. 1906-1917

Abstract

Steroids may regulate LH subunit gene transcription by modulating hypothalamic GnRH pulse patterns or by acting at the pituitary gonadotrope to alterpromoter activity. We tested direct pituitary effects of the androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to modulate the rat LH beta promoter in transfected Lbeta T2 clonal gonadotrope cells and in pituitaries of transgenic mice expressing LH beta -luciferase. The LH beta promoter (-617 to +44 bp)-luciferase construct was stimulated in L beta T2 cells 7- to 10-fold by GnRH. Androgen treatment had little effect on basal promoter activity but suppressed GnRH stimulation by approximately 75%. GnRH stimulation of LH beta was also suppressed by DHT in isolated pituitary cells from male or female mice withfunctional nuclear ARs, but not in male littermates with mutant AR. GnRH stimulation of the LH beta promoter requires interactions between a complex distal response element containing two specificity protein-1 (Spl) binding sites and a CArG box, and a proximal element with two bipartite binding sites for steroidogenic factor-1 and early growth response protein-1 (Egr-1). DHT effectively suppressed promoter constructs with an intact distal response element. The distal response element does not bind AR, but AIR reduces Spl binding to this region. Glutathione-S-transferase pull-down studies demonstrated direct interactions of AIR with Spl, which requires the DNA-binding domain of AR, and weaker interactions with Egr-1. We conclude that androgen suppression of the rat LH beta promoter occurs primarily through direct interaction of AR with Spl, with some possible role through binding to Egr-1. These interactions result in interference with GnRH-stimulated gene transcription by reducing cooperation between the distal and proximal GnRH response elements.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 10:04:26