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Titolo:
Streptococcus pneumoniae penicillin resistance in Turkey
Autore:
Gur, D; Guciz, B; Hascelik, G; Esel, D; Sumerkan, B; Over, U; Soyletir, G; Ongen, B; Kaygusuz, A; Toreci, K;
Indirizzi:
Hacettepe Univ, Ankara, Turkey Hacettepe Univ Ankara TurkeyHacettepe Univ, Ankara, Turkey
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CHEMOTHERAPY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 541 - 545
SICI:
1120-009X(200110)13:5<541:SPPRIT>2.0.ZU;2-K
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE; ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE; SPAIN; SUSCEPTIBILITY; INFECTIONS; EVOLUTION; SEROTYPES;
Keywords:
Streptococcus pneumoniae; penicillin resistance; macrolide resistance; TMP/SMX resistance;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
16
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gur, D Univ Hacettepe, Childrens Hosp, Clin Microbiol Lab, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey Univ Hacettepe Ankara Turkey TR-06100 ab, TR-06100 Ankara, Turkey
Citazione:
D. Gur et al., "Streptococcus pneumoniae penicillin resistance in Turkey", J CHEMOTHER, 13(5), 2001, pp. 541-545

Abstract

Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae (750) to penicillin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole isolated in 4 Turkish hospitals between 1996 and 1999 was evaluated according to year of isolation, patients' age groups and specimen. Penicillin susceptibility was determinedby E-test strips and the other antibiotics were tested by disk diffusion test following the NCCLS guidelines in each center. Overall high and intermediate resistance to penicillin was 3% and 29%, respectively. There was a significant difference (p <0.001) between the centers with regard to penicillin resistance. However, there was no significant increase in resistance by year. Penicillin resistance varied significantly among children and adults (36% versus 25%) and according to the specimen. Highest rate of penicillin resistance was observed in respiratory specimens (36%) followed by ear exudates (33.5%). In blood isolates, resistance to penicillin was 28.6%. Overall resistance to erythromycin was 8%, to chloramphenicol 5% and to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 47%. Although overall penicillin resistance in these Turkish S. pneumoniae isolates is high, resistance rates vary in each centerand have not increased from 1996 to 1999.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 04:33:21