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Titolo:
Genome and hormones: Gender differences in physiology - Invited review: Gender issues related to spaceflight: A NASA perspective
Autore:
Harm, DL; Jennings, RT; Meck, JV; Powell, MR; Putcha, L; Sams, CP; Schneider, SM; Shackelford, LC; Smith, SM; Whitson, PA;
Indirizzi:
NASA, Lyndon B Johnson Space Ctr, Human Adaptat & Countermeasures Off, Houston, TX 77058 USA NASA Houston TX USA 77058 at & Countermeasures Off, Houston, TX 77058 USA Univ Texas, Med Branch, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, Galveston, TX 77555 USA Univ Texas Galveston TX USA 77555 stet & Gynecol, Galveston, TX 77555 USA NASA, Lyndon B Johnson Space Ctr, Astronaut Off, Houston, TX 77058 USA NASA Houston TX USA 77058 Space Ctr, Astronaut Off, Houston, TX 77058 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 91, anno: 2001,
pagine: 2374 - 2383
SICI:
8750-7587(2001)91:5<2374:GAHGDI>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SPACE MOTION SICKNESS; DURATION SPACEFLIGHT; CARDIAC-ARRHYTHMIAS; MENTAL-RETARDATION; IONIZING-RADIATION; WOMEN; PHARMACOKINETICS; PHARMACODYNAMICS; ENDOMETRIOSIS; RESPONSES;
Keywords:
physiological responses; health issues;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
65
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Harm, DL NASA, Lyndon B Johnson Space Ctr, SK3 Human Adaptat & Countermeasures Off,2101 NASA Rd 1, Houston, TX 77508 USA NASA 2101 NASA Rd 1 Houston TX USA 77508 1, Houston, TX 77508 USA
Citazione:
D.L. Harm et al., "Genome and hormones: Gender differences in physiology - Invited review: Gender issues related to spaceflight: A NASA perspective", J APP PHYSL, 91(5), 2001, pp. 2374-2383

Abstract

This minireview provides an overview of known and potential gender differences in physiological responses to spaceflight. The paper covers cardiovascular and exercise physiology, barophysiology and decompression sickness, renal stone risk, immunology, neurovestibular and sensorimotor function, nutrition, pharmacotherapeutics, and reproduction. Potential health and functional impacts associated with the various physiological changes during spaceflight are discussed, and areas needing additional research are highlighted. Historically, studies of physiological responses to microgravity have not been aimed at examining gender-specific differences in the astronaut population. Insufficient data exist in most of the discipline areas at this time to draw valid conclusions about gender-specific differences in astronauts, in part due to the small ratio of women to men. The only astronaut health issue for which a large enough data set exists to allow valid conclusions tobe drawn about gender differences is orthostatic intolerance following shuttle missions, in which women have a significantly higher incidence of presyncope during stand tests than do men. The most common observation across disciplines is that individual differences in physiological responses withingenders are usually as large as, or larger than, differences between genders. Individual characteristics usually outweigh gender differences per se.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 06:38:09