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Titolo:
Sphincter and bladder dysfonction
Autore:
Joseph, PA; de Seze, M;
Indirizzi:
CHU Pellegrin, Unites Reeduc Neurol, Serv Med Phys & Readaptat, F-33076 Bordeaux, France CHU Pellegrin Bordeaux France F-33076 eadaptat, F-33076 Bordeaux, France
Titolo Testata:
REVUE NEUROLOGIQUE
fascicolo: 8-9, volume: 157, anno: 2001,
parte:, 2
pagine: 1051 - 1059
SICI:
0035-3787(200109)157:8-9<1051:SABD>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
FRE
Soggetto:
CORD-INJURED PATIENTS; CLEAN INTERMITTENT CATHETERIZATION; REFRACTORY DETRUSOR HYPERREFLEXIA; URINARY-TRACT DYSFUNCTION; BOTULINUM-A TOXIN; MULTIPLE-SCLEROSIS; ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION; INTRAVESICAL CAPSAICIN; INTRATHECAL BACLOFEN; NEUROGENIC BLADDER;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
79
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Joseph, PA CHU Pellegrin, Unites Reeduc Neurol, Serv Med Phys & Readaptat,F-33076 Bordeaux, France CHU Pellegrin Bordeaux France F-33076 -33076 Bordeaux, France
Citazione:
P.A. Joseph e M. de Seze, "Sphincter and bladder dysfonction", REV NEUROL, 157(8-9), 2001, pp. 1051-1059

Abstract

Symptomatic bladder dysfunction occurs at some time in most patients with multiple sclerosis. Detrusor hypereflexia and sphincter dyssynergia are themain dysfunctions. Anticholinergic medication is currently the most effective and the most common treatment of overactive bladder with reduced bladder capacity and uninhibited detrusor contractions. Desmopressin, surgery, permanent indwelling catheter or external device are used in some cases. Nevertheless essential to bladder management is understanding to what extent the patient has incomplete emptying while complaining predominantly of symptoms of detrusor overactivity: frequency and urgency, with or without urge incontinence. Intravesical capsaicin and botulinum toxin injected into the detrusor seems promising means of treating intractable bladder hyperreflexia. If the post-micturition residual volume is raised, intermittent self-catheterization is the most adequate method to achieve bladder emptying of patients with MS. Physical and cognitive disability as well as patients motivation can reduce their ability to perform catheterization. In such situation, alphablockers show moderate efficacy and botulinum toxin urethral sphincterinjection or surgical solution may be discussed. Disturbed anorectal physiology is common in MS, but there are as yet few specific treatments. The efficacy of oral sildenafil for treatment of neurogenic erectile failure increases the range of treatment available for men with sexual dysfunction. in women, mechanical remedies, treatment of motor and sensory loss are effective for dyspareunia. Patients of both sexes are likely to welcome to discusstheir problem, and counselling or psychotherapy may be of use.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/07/20 alle ore 12:32:34