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Titolo:
CURRENT STATUS OF CD4-BASED THERAPIES FOR PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF HIV-INFECTION
Autore:
SINCLAIR JP; SHEARER WT;
Indirizzi:
TEXAS CHILDRENS HOSP,DEPT ALLERGY & IMMUNOL,6621 FANNIN ST,MC 1-3291 HOUSTON TX 77030 BAYLOR COLL MED,DEPT PAEDIAT HOUSTON TX 77030
Titolo Testata:
Biodrugs
fascicolo: 2, volume: 8, anno: 1997,
pagine: 128 - 138
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS; RECOMBINANT SOLUBLE CD4; AIDS-RELATED COMPLEX; EXOTOXIN HYBRID PROTEIN; TO-CELL TRANSMISSION; CD4-PSEUDOMONAS EXOTOXIN; SYNERGISTIC INHIBITION; HUMAN CD4-IMMUNOGLOBULIN-G; REPLICATION INVITRO; IN-VITRO;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
61
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.P. Sinclair e W.T. Shearer, "CURRENT STATUS OF CD4-BASED THERAPIES FOR PROPHYLAXIS AND TREATMENT OF HIV-INFECTION", Biodrugs, 8(2), 1997, pp. 128-138

Abstract

CD4 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is usually found as a surface glycoprotein on mature circulating T lymphocytes with helper/inducer function, The first step of HIV infection involves binding of the CD4 of host cells to the gp120 portion of viral envelope glycoprotein. In addition, uninfected CD4+ cells with free gp120 bound totheir surfaces are the target of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, and a CD4-gp120 interaction is necessary for the cell-to-cell spread of HIV. Early enthusiasm for therapy with recombinant soluble CD4(rsCD4) was supported by evidence of potent antiviral effects againstacquisition and spread of HIV-1 infection in vitro. Subsequent in vivo results were not as encouraging; the pharmacokinetics of rsCD4 were unfavourable, and there was little apparent effect on clinical markersof infection. With the recognition that laboratory strains and clinical strains of HIV-1 differ enormously in their response to rsCD4, it was realised that early trials had used subtherapeutic doses. High doseintravenous rsCD4 abrogates HN-I viraemia in a dose-dependent fashion, with the duration of effect limited by the pharmacokinetics of rsCD4. With the intention of improving pharmacokinetics, and of broadening the mechanism of action, further molecules combining rsCD4 and immunoglobulin molecules were developed, Their pharmacokinetics had improved as anticipated, with a marked increase in half-life, and the moleculesretained the Fc-mediated effector functions of the parent immunoglobulin molecule. However, therapeutic benefit in the treatment of established HIV-1 infection has been limited, with some animal evidence of prevention of infection after known exposure to HIV, and possible implications for the prevention of perinatal and needle-stick infection.Synergism between different retroviral therapies, using rsCD4 and CD4-IgG molecules in combination with various other agents, has been demonstrated in vitro, but the clinical effectiveness of this strategy has not been demonstrated. Synergism between CD4-IgG and naturally occurring or monoclonal HIV-1 antibodies is being evaluated. Attempts to use the CD4 molecule to give Pseudomonas toxin access to HIV-1 for specific killing have demonstrated potent in vitro effectiveness, but dose-limiting toxicity in phase I human studies made this strategy ineffective. Attempts using other toxins are continuing.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 00:55:40