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Titolo:
Is sustainable development based on agriculture attainable in Kenya? A multidisciplinary case study of Muranga district
Autore:
Ekbom, A; Knutsson, P; Ovuka, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ, Environm Econ Unit, Gothenburg, Sweden Univ Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden nvironm Econ Unit, Gothenburg, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT
fascicolo: 5, volume: 12, anno: 2001,
pagine: 435 - 447
SICI:
1085-3278(200109/10)12:5<435:ISDBOA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOIL;
Keywords:
agriculture; migration; farmers' perceptions; sustainable development; Kenya;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ovuka, M Dept Earth Sci, Box 460, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden Dept Earth Sci Box 460 Gothenburg Sweden SE-40530 enburg, Sweden
Citazione:
A. Ekbom et al., "Is sustainable development based on agriculture attainable in Kenya? A multidisciplinary case study of Muranga district", LAND DEGR D, 12(5), 2001, pp. 435-447

Abstract

Kenya's development seems trapped in a vicious circle caused by soil erosion, declining soil fertility, land fragmentation, fluctuating agricultural production, widespread poverty, corruption, ethnic tension, rapid population. urban growth and a declining economy, The development challenge is to reverse the negative effects of these processes and promote sustainable development. This paper, based on multidisciplinary work discusses whether sustainable development based on agriculture is attainable in Murang'a district in Kenya's Central Highlands. Firstly, it investigates some biophysical aspects of sustainable agriculture such as land use across time, soil nutrientstatus and yield, cultivated crops and soil productivity by analysing aerial photographs and soil samples and conducting interviews. It suggests thatthe area has gone through major biophysical changes. Second. it relates the farmers' attitude to promotion of sustainable development as carried out by the National Soil and Water Conservation Programme. It suggests that farmers carry ideas of corruption, often following ethnic lines that hampers efficient implementation of the extension advise. Finally, it identifies links behind rural-urban migration by estimating households' probability of generating incomes outside the farm, typically in urban areas. Opportunistic farming, manifested by temporary reduction of farming on own land to satisfy immediate income needs, is very common among farmers. More needs to be done to promote agro-based, small-scale rural industries,improve agricultural management practices, facilitate appropriate credits,enhance marketing opportunities. ensure timely crop payments, and increaseparticipation in decision making. It is important to realize that for farmers to embrace policies which promote agriculturely-based sustainable development the policies ought to biophysically possible, socio-politically acceptable and economically feasible. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 02:17:19