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Titolo:
Gender role expectations of pain: Relationship to sex differences in pain
Autore:
Robinson, ME; Riley, JL; Myers, CD; Papas, RK; Wise, EA; Waxenberg, LB; Fillingim, RB;
Indirizzi:
Univ Florida, Dept Clin & Hlth Psychol, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA Univ Florida Gainesville FL USA 32610 Psychol, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA Univ Florida, Coll Dent, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA Univ Florida Gainesville FL USA 32610 oll Dent, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA Univ Alabama, Dept Psychol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA Univ Alabama Birmingham AL USA 35294 pt Psychol, Birmingham, AL 35294 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PAIN
fascicolo: 5, volume: 2, anno: 2001,
pagine: 251 - 257
SICI:
1526-5900(200110)2:5<251:GREOPR>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CLINICAL PAIN; EXPERIENCE; STIMULI;
Keywords:
pain; gender; sex differences;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Robinson, ME Univ Florida, Dept Clin & Hlth Psychol, POB100165 HSC, Gainesville, FL 32610 USA Univ Florida POB100165 HSC Gainesville FL USA 32610 32610 USA
Citazione:
M.E. Robinson et al., "Gender role expectations of pain: Relationship to sex differences in pain", J PAIN, 2(5), 2001, pp. 251-257

Abstract

Empirical research supports the existence of sex differences in pain; yet these differences are poorly understood. Although biological mechanisms have been posited to explain variability, results of pain modeling manipulations suggest social learning may be a stronger influence on pain response. Inthis report we use the term sex to refer to the biological category of male or female. We use the term gender to refer to the socially acquired aspects of being male or female sometimes referred to as femininity and masculinity. This study investigated a new measure, the Gender Role Expectations ofPain questionnaire (GREP), which was designed to measure sex-related stereotypic attributions of pain sensitivity, endurance, and willingness to report pain. Subjects were 156 male and 235 female undergraduates at a southeastern university. Psychometric investigation of the questionnaire revealed a5-factor solution that closely mirrored the theoretical construction of the items. Test-retest reliability was also shown for individual items on a separate sample of 28 subjects. Results supported hypotheses about gender role: both men and women rated men as less willing to report pain than women (F-1,F-389 = 336, P < .001); both men and women rated women more sensitive (F-1,F-389 = 9.5, P < .05) and less enduring of pain (F-1,F-389 = 65.7, P <.001) than men; and men rated their own endurance as higher than the typical man (F-1,F-389 = 65.7, P < .001). Sex accounted for 46% of the variance in willingness to report pain. Results suggest that the GREP distinguished between the socially learned reactions to pain for men and women. It is recommended that the influence of gender-related expectations for pain be assessed in all studies investigating human sex differences in pain. (C) 2001 by the American Pain Society.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 11:36:39