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Titolo:
Longitudinal outcome of verbal discourse in children with traumatic brain injury: Three-year follow-up
Autore:
Chapman, SB; McKinnon, L; Levin, HS; Song, J; Meier, MC; Chiu, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Texas, Dept Human Dev, Dallas, TX 75230 USA Univ Texas Dallas TX USA75230 exas, Dept Human Dev, Dallas, TX 75230 USA Baylor Coll Med, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, Houston, TX 77030 USA Baylor Coll Med Houston TX USA 77030 Med & Rehabil, Houston, TX 77030 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HEAD TRAUMA REHABILITATION
fascicolo: 5, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 441 - 455
SICI:
0885-9701(200110)16:5<441:LOOVDI>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WRITTEN LANGUAGE PRODUCTION; DEVELOPMENTAL PLASTICITY; HEAD-INJURY; RECOVERY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Chapman, SB Univ Texas, Ctr BrainHlth, 1966 Inwood Rd, Dallas, TX 75235 USA Univ Texas 1966 Inwood Rd Dallas TX USA 75235 as, TX 75235 USA
Citazione:
S.B. Chapman et al., "Longitudinal outcome of verbal discourse in children with traumatic brain injury: Three-year follow-up", J HEAD TR R, 16(5), 2001, pp. 441-455

Abstract

Purpose: This study compared changes in discourse ability between two groups of children age 5 to 10 years after brain injury: those with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and those with mild/moderate injury over 3-year follow-up testing. Materials and Methods: Forty-three children with TBI were recruited from a larger research project examining cognitive and linguisticrecovery after injury. Twenty-two of these patients had severe injuries and 21 sustained mild/moderate injuries. AD children were presented an ordered sequence of pictures and asked to verbally produce a story/narrative discourse. Each child was then asked to produce a lesson relating to the story. Results: The severe group performed significantly worse than the mild/moderate group when performance across all four discourse domains was considered. Both groups improved across time on selected discourse measures. Qualitative analysis suggested that the severe group showed differential rates of improvement across the individual discourse variables over the 3-year interval. Conclusions: Severe TBI can have a pernicious effect on discourse abilities in children years after injury compared with children with mild/moderate injuries. The major caveat is that the discourse measures must be sufficiently challenging when used to assess older children and children with milder forms of TBI.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 22:52:59