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Titolo:
Market integration and social cohesion: the politics of public services inEuropean regulation
Autore:
Heritier, A;
Indirizzi:
Max Planck Project Grp, D-53115 Bonn, Germany Max Planck Project Grp Bonn Germany D-53115 t Grp, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF EUROPEAN PUBLIC POLICY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 825 - 852
SICI:
1350-1763(200110)8:5<825:MIASCT>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
general-interest goals; infrastructure networks; market integration; public monopolies; public services; public utilities; service provision;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Heritier, A Max Planck Project Grp, Poppelsdorfer Allee 45, D-53115 Bonn, Germany Max Planck Project Grp Poppelsdorfer Allee 45 Bonn Germany D-53115
Citazione:
A. Heritier, "Market integration and social cohesion: the politics of public services inEuropean regulation", J EUR PUB P, 8(5), 2001, pp. 825-852

Abstract

Although the goal of market integration has not actually been challenged in recent years, it has nevertheless increasingly come to be considered incomplete and in need of complementary goals which serve the general interest by promoting social cohesion and equality. The debate has been conducted invarious areas, such as in the fight against unemployment and poverty and in the provision of public utilities. In the latter case, regarding the provision of energy, water, communication and transport, the debate was sparkedby the privatization of public monopolies and their infrastructure networks, and the deregulation of service provision. The network industries, whichhad traditionally been shielded from competition and were run within national boundaries, were dramatically transformed. This change, which in some countries resulted from European legislation, was meant to induce more producer competition, improved productivity, more consumer choice in the supply of network services, and lower prices. However, it has triggered concerns over the maintenance of general-interest goals in service provision, i.e. over safeguarding the accessibility, equality, continuity, security and affordability of these services after liberalization. There is a general political consensus that communicating by voice telephony, enjoying a certain degree of mobility, and using energy are basic needs which should be guaranteedand that firms operating in network industries should thus be subject to 'public-service' objectives. This contribution raises the questions: why, and to what extent, does a conflict exist between economic liberalization andgeneral-interest goals in the first place? I then turn to the role of European policymaking, which aims at striking a balance between the poles of market integration and competition, on the one hand, and the provision of public services, on the other. What are the existing European policies and howdo they fare when measured against these two goals? I then focus on the central question of the analysis: how can the pro-general-interest decisions at the cross-sectoral and sectoral level (in energy, telecommunications andrail) be accounted for in terms of the interaction of the formal politicaland legal actors involved in shaping the outcomes at the European level?

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 07:24:01