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Titolo:
Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries
Autore:
Emberson, LD; Ashmore, MR; Murray, F; Kuylenstierna, JCI; Percy, KE; Izuta, T; Zheng, Y; Shimizu, H; Sheu, BH; Liu, CP; Agrawal, M; Wahid, A; Abdel-Latif, NM; van Tienhoven, M; de Bauer, LI; Domingos, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ York, SEI, York, N Yorkshire, England Univ York York N Yorkshire England York, SEI, York, N Yorkshire, England Univ Bradford, Dept Environm Sci, Bradford BD7 1DP, W Yorkshire, England Univ Bradford Bradford W Yorkshire England BD7 1DP , W Yorkshire, England Nat Resources Canada, Fredericton, NB, Canada Nat Resources Canada Fredericton NB Canada nada, Fredericton, NB, Canada Murdoch Univ, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia Murdoch Univ Murdoch WA Australia 6150 Univ, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia Tokyo Univ Agr & Technol, Dept Environm & Nat Resources Sci, Tokyo 1838509, Japan Tokyo Univ Agr & Technol Tokyo Japan 1838509 s Sci, Tokyo 1838509, Japan Natl Inst Environm Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan Natl Inst Environm Studies Tsukuba Ibaraki Japan Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan Natl Chunghsing Univ, Dept Forestry, Taipei, Taiwan Natl Chunghsing Univ Taipei Taiwan Univ, Dept Forestry, Taipei, Taiwan Banaras Hindu Univ, Dept Bot, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India Banaras Hindu Univ Varanasi Uttar Pradesh India 221005 tar Pradesh, India Punjab Univ, Dept Bot, Lahore 54590, Pakistan Punjab Univ Lahore Pakistan 54590 Univ, Dept Bot, Lahore 54590, Pakistan CSIR Environmentek, ZA-0001 Pretoria, South Africa CSIR Environmentek Pretoria South Africa ZA-0001 Pretoria, South Africa Inst Recursos Nat, Montecillo 56230, Mexico Inst Recursos Nat MontecilloMexico 56230 Nat, Montecillo 56230, Mexico Inst Bot, Secao Ecol, BR-01061970 Sao Paulo, Brazil Inst Bot Sao Paulo Brazil BR-01061970 BCl, BR-01061970 Sao Paulo, Brazil
Titolo Testata:
WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION
fascicolo: 1-4, volume: 130, anno: 2001,
pagine: 107 - 118
SICI:
0049-6979(2001)130:1-4<107:IOAPOV>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OZONE; POLLUTION; ATMOSPHERE; EUROPE;
Keywords:
air pollution; developing country; exposure-response relationships; policy tools; vegetation effects; SO2; NOx; O-3; SPM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Emberson, LD Univ York, SEI, Box 373, York, N Yorkshire, England Univ YorkBox 373 York N Yorkshire England orkshire, England
Citazione:
L.D. Emberson et al., "Impacts of air pollutants on vegetation in developing countries", WATER A S P, 130(1-4), 2001, pp. 107-118

Abstract

The predicted increases in emissions of primary pollutants in many rapidlyindustrializing countries may have severe consequences for the health and productivity of forest trees and agricultural crops. This paper presents a review of air pollution impacts on vegetation in developing countries by summarising information describing the direct impacts to vegetation caused bya number of air pollutants (sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ozone (O-3) and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM)). This information has been collected by experts from a number of rapidly industrializing countriesin Asia, Latin America and Africa and includes observations of visible injury in the field and the use of transect studies and controlled experimental investigations to ascribe damage to different pollutant concentrations. The ability to synthesise this information to define exposure-response relationships and subsequent air quality guidelines similar to those establishedin North America and Europe is assessed. In addition, the use of regional and global models describing pollution concentrations is discussed with reference to assessing the extent of adverse impacts and identifying regions likely to be most at risk from air pollution, both for the present day and in the future. The evidence summarised in the paper clearly shows that current pollutant concentrations experienced in many developing countries, particularly Asia, can result in severe damage to vegetation and that without appropriate control measures such damage is likely to worsen in the future aspollutant emissions increase.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 20:17:22