Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
The impact of anxiety on the accuracy of diagnostic decision-making
Autore:
Cumming, SR; Harris, LM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Sydney, Sch Behav & Community Hlth Sci, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Univ Sydney Sydney NSW Australia 2006 th Sci, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Titolo Testata:
STRESS AND HEALTH
fascicolo: 5, volume: 17, anno: 2001,
pagine: 281 - 286
SICI:
1532-3005(200110)17:5<281:TIOAOT>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STRESS; PERFORMANCE;
Keywords:
anxiety; stress; decision making;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
15
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cumming, SR Univ Sydney, Sch Behav & Community Hlth Sci, POB 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia Univ Sydney POB 170 Lidcombe NSW Australia 1825 825, Australia
Citazione:
S.R. Cumming e L.M. Harris, "The impact of anxiety on the accuracy of diagnostic decision-making", STRESS HEAL, 17(5), 2001, pp. 281-286

Abstract

The impact of anxiety on the accuracy of diagnostic decision-making is a neglected area of research despite its clear implications for the welfare ofclients receiving health care. This paper presents the findings of two studies examining the effects of experimentally-induced performance anxiety (Study 1) and naturally-occurring state anxiety (Study 2) on the ability of senior radiography students to make simple same-different decisions about simultaneously presented images and to carry out a secondary verbal memory task. In both studies the more anxious group was less accurate in the primarydecision-making task, but there was no decrement in performance on the secondary task. The results are difficult to reconcile with predictions from Eysenck and Calvo's(9) processing efficiency account of the impact of anxiety on performance. Rather, the results are consistent with the notion that aprimary adaptive purpose of anxiety is to disengage from tasks or stimuli currently occupying attention in order to allow organisms to attend to potential threats. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 19:53:09