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Titolo:
Should CAPD be the first choice for dialysis in Romania? Audit of the Iasi'C. I. Parhon' Dialysis Center: 1995-2000
Autore:
Covic, AC; Goldsmith, DJ; Florea, L; Gusbeth, P; Volovat, C; Taranu, T; Suditu, N; Novac, C; Covic, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Iasi, CI Parhon Hosp, Dialysis & Transplantat Ctr, Iasi 6600, RomaniaUniv Iasi Iasi Romania 6600 lysis & Transplantat Ctr, Iasi 6600, Romania
Titolo Testata:
NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION
fascicolo: 10, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1996 - 2001
SICI:
0931-0509(200110)16:10<1996:SCBTFC>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RENAL REPLACEMENT THERAPY; PERITONEAL-DIALYSIS;
Keywords:
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis; haemodialysis; treatment modalities; complications; survival;
Tipo documento:
Editorial Material
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
14
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Covic, AC Univ Iasi, CI Parhon Hosp, Dialysis & Transplantat Ctr, Blvd Carol I 50, Iasi 6600, Romania Univ Iasi Blvd Carol I 50 Iasi Romania 6600 Iasi 6600, Romania
Citazione:
A.C. Covic et al., "Should CAPD be the first choice for dialysis in Romania? Audit of the Iasi'C. I. Parhon' Dialysis Center: 1995-2000", NEPH DIAL T, 16(10), 2001, pp. 1996-2001

Abstract

Peritoneal dialysis was first introduced in Romania in 1995. We are reporting data on patient and technique outcomes, based on the 5-year experience of one of the first two Romanian continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) centres. During this period, Romania had the highest rate of increase in renal replacement therapy (RRT) and CAPD (28 times over baseline) in Europe: CAPD increase in Romania vs Eastern Europe was 6.7 compared to a similarly defined ratio of 5.6 for haemodialysis (HD). Between 1995 and 2000, at the C. I. Parhon Hospital in Iasi, 259 patients were started on HD and 102 on CAPD. The 90 CAPD patients we followed were treated for a total of 1896 months. 86.7%, of the patients were alive on 31 July 2000-67.8%, continuing on CAPD. 15.6% on HD and 3.3%, transplanted. The 61 patients still on PD on that date, represented 11.1% of the actual Romanian CAPD population and 31%,, of our RRT Population (compared to 13.7% nationwide). The gross mortality rate was comparable to the mean calculated for he HD population nationwide. Mean survival of the CAPD patients was 45.4 +/-2.6 months (95% CI=40.4-50.4 months). One-year and 5-year patient survival rates were 97.5% and 52.7% respectively, superior and similar to mean figures nationwide. Mean technique survival was 36.6 +/- 0.6 months (95%,, CI = 31.5-41.6 months). One- and 5-year technique survival rates were 83.1% and 34.3% respectively. Technique failure was mainly due to dialysis inefficiency: 50% of cases. Mean weekly Kt V for the 5-year period was 1.92 +/- 0.21 while mean weekly creatinine clearance was 61.2 +/- 12.4 ml. 1.73 m(2) week. Eighty-four episodes of peritonitis were recorded in 46 patients (0.25 episodes patient:year), mean duration to peritonitis was 23 months (95%, CI = 18.2-27.5). Malnutrition was noted (SGA score) in 25.5% of the cases. Bloodpressure (assessed by 24-h ABPM) was adequately controlled in 83.3%, of the patients. Left ventricular hypertrophy was ubiquitous (77.7%), but left ventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction (fractioning shortening index < 25%) were rare-4.4% and 3.3% respectively (similar in prevalence to theIasi HD population). No statistically significant changes in echocardiographic parameters were recorded between the first and subsequent years on CAPD treatment. Peritoneal dialysis had a rapid increase in the last 5 years in Romania and particularly in the region of Moldova. Outcomes and complication rates are equal or superior to nationwide HD data and comparable to distinguished centres of CAPD in economically developed countries. We conclude that. provided that optimal medical practice is available. CAPD should be the RRT of choice in Romania. and that it represents the only solution to the country'slimited dialysis resources.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 11:00:21