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Titolo:
Assessment of cardiac risk before peripheral vascular surgery: a comparison of myocardial perfusion imaging and long axis echocardiography at rest
Autore:
Henein, MY; OSullivan, C; Das, SK; Khir, A; Anagnostopoulos, C; Underwood, RS; Gibson, DG;
Indirizzi:
Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Dept Cardiol, London SW3 6NP, England Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst London England SW36NP land Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Dept Nucl Med, London SW3 6NP, England Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst London England SW3 6NP land Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Thrombosis Res Inst, London SW3 6NP, England Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst London England SW3 6NP land
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 80, anno: 2001,
pagine: 125 - 132
SICI:
0167-5273(200109/10)80:2-3<125:AOCRBP>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ABDOMINAL AORTIC-ANEURYSM; VENTRICULAR WALL-MOTION; CORONARY-ARTERY; NONCARDIAC SURGERY; DISEASE; MANAGEMENT; OPERATION; OCCLUSION; MORBIDITY; MORTALITY;
Keywords:
peripheral vascular disease; long axis function; thallium-201; myocardial perfusion scintigraphy;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
23
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Henein, MY Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Dept Cardiol, Sydney St, London SW3 6NP, England Royal Brompton Hosp & Natl Heart & Lung Inst Sydney St London England SW3 6NP
Citazione:
M.Y. Henein et al., "Assessment of cardiac risk before peripheral vascular surgery: a comparison of myocardial perfusion imaging and long axis echocardiography at rest", INT J CARD, 80(2-3), 2001, pp. 125-132

Abstract

Objective: To compare resting long axis echocardiography with adenosine thallium-201 emission tomography in detecting myocardial ischaemic abnormalities and surgical related risk in patients before peripheral vascular surgery. Design: A prospective and blinded pre-operative examination of resting left ventricular minor and long axes and myocardial perfusion during adenosine vasodilation using thallium-201 emission tomography. Setting: A tertiaryreferral centre for cardiac and vascular disease equipped with invasive, non-invasive and surgical facilities. Subjects: 65 patients (40 male) with significant peripheral vascular disease, mean age 63 +/- 10 (S.D.) years, and 21 normal subjects of similar age. Results: Thallium-201 myocardial perfusion tomography was abnormal in 50/65 patients; 27 had fixed, 23 reversibleabnormalities (19 of whom had both). Long axis was considered abnormal if one or more of two systolic long axis disturbances, reduced extent of totalexcursion <1 cm at any of the three (left, septal and posterior left ventricular) sites or prolonged shortening >1 mm after A2, and two diastolic abnormalities, delayed onset of lengthening > 80 ms after A2 or reduced peak lengthening velocity <4.5 cm/s, was present. Long axis score (maximum 12) was based on the presence or absence of these four disturbances at each of the three sites. Myocardial perfusion imaging with thallium-201 classified the patients into three different groups according to their liability to low,moderate or high surgical risk (summed stress perfusion score of 36). Thirteen of 50 patients were identified as subjects at high surgical risk, witha perfusion score of 22/36 and below. Twelve of these demonstrated significantly greater impairment of systolic and diastolic long axis function, compared to those at low surgical risk, with a total long axis echo score of 6/12 or more. Seventeen of 18 patients identified as being at low surgical risk, with a perfusion score of 32/36 and above, had total long axis score of less than 6/12, The remaining 19 moderate risk patients had a wide range of long axis scores. In the 65 patients studied there were two post-operative deaths, one post-discharge death due to cerebrovascular accident, and one due to renal failure. Conclusion: The combination of both systolic and diastolic long axis disturbances in patients with peripheral vascular diseasecan be used to predict the thallium assessment of surgical risk. Long axisechocardiography may thus have value as a screening test before non-cardiac surgery as well as providing a means of monitoring myocardial perfusion. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 23:16:23