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Titolo:
Metamemory and tested cognitive functioning in multiple sclerosis
Autore:
Randolph, JJ; Arnett, PA; Higginson, CI;
Indirizzi:
Penn State Univ, Dept Psychol, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 l, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Washington State Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA Washington State Univ Pullman WA USA 99164 te Univ, Pullman, WA 99164 USA Univ New Mexico, Hlth Sci Ctr, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA Univ New Mexico Albuquerque NM USA 87131 i Ctr, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST
fascicolo: 3, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 357 - 368
SICI:
1385-4046(200108)15:3<357:MATCFI>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SORTING TEST-PERFORMANCE; WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY; FRONTAL-LOBE LESIONS; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION; COMMUNITY SURVEY; EVERYDAY MEMORY; SELF-EFFICACY; OLDER ADULTS; IMPAIRMENT; DEPRESSION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
58
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Arnett, PA Penn State Univ, Dept Psychol, 522 Bruce V Moore Bldg, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ 522 Bruce V Moore Bldg University Pk PAUSA 16802
Citazione:
J.J. Randolph et al., "Metamemory and tested cognitive functioning in multiple sclerosis", CLIN NEURPS, 15(3), 2001, pp. 357-368

Abstract

Metamemory, or one's knowledge and self-report of memory ability, has beenresearched extensively; however, few studies have examined it in multiple sclerosis (MS). Because impairment in cognitive domains besides memory may affect memory functioning, patients may self-report problems with memory that are indicative of impairment in cognitive domains besides memory. One goal of the current study was to test this hypothesis in MS. A group of 55 MSpatients were administered a variety of cognitive tasks and a self-report metamemory measure; patients' significant others were also given a metamemory measure requiring them to rate patients' memory abilities. Results indicated that patients' metamemory reports were significantly (p<.05) correlated with verbal recall, attentional, and executive tasks. Significant other ratings of patients' metamemory were correlated with verbal recall and attentional measures. Stepwise regression analyses including all relevant cognitive and demographic variables indicated that only education and Symbol Digit accounted for significant independent variance in patients' current memory reports. Our results suggest: (1) subjective complaints of memory difficulties by MS patients reflect difficulty in cognitive domains besides memory, (2) MS patient self-reports of memory difficulty are at least as accurateas significant other reports, and (3) patients with more education are more accurate in their metamemory ratings. These findings have implications not only for a better understanding of metamemory in MS, but also for more effective treatment and rehabilitation of MS patients.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 22:18:29