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Titolo:
DNA damage by cadmium and arsenic salts assessed by the single cell gel electrophoresis assay
Autore:
Mouron, SA; Golijow, CD; Dulout, FN;
Indirizzi:
Univ Nacl La Plata, Fac Ciencias Vet, CIGEBA, RA-1900 La Plata, Argentina Univ Nacl La Plata La Plata Argentina RA-1900 A-1900 La Plata, Argentina
Titolo Testata:
MUTATION RESEARCH-GENETIC TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MUTAGENESIS
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 498, anno: 2001,
pagine: 47 - 55
SICI:
1383-5718(20011115)498:1-2<47:DDBCAA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SISTER-CHROMATID EXCHANGE; ANAPHASE-TELOPHASE TEST; INDUCED APOPTOSIS; MAMMALIAN-CELLS; SODIUM ARSENITE; COMET ASSAY; DIMETHYLARSINIC ACID; HUMAN FIBROBLASTS; HUMAN-LYMPHOCYTES; DRINKING-WATER;
Keywords:
comet assay; cadmium; arsenic;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dulout, FN Univ Nacl La Plata, Fac Ciencias Vet, CIGEBA, Calle 60 & 118 S-N, RA-1900 La Plata, Argentina Univ Nacl La Plata Calle 60 & 118 S-N La Plata Argentina RA-1900
Citazione:
S.A. Mouron et al., "DNA damage by cadmium and arsenic salts assessed by the single cell gel electrophoresis assay", MUT RES-GTE, 498(1-2), 2001, pp. 47-55

Abstract

Human exposure to metals is frequent due to their ubiquity, wide use in industry, and environmental persistence. Direct and indirect genotoxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) were reported. However, the mechanisms of induction of genetic damage are not well known. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the degree of damage induced by Cd and As salts in a human lung fibroblasts cell line using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay (SCGE). MRC-5 cells were treated with cadmium chloride (CdCl2), cadmium sulfate (CdSO4), sodium arsenite (NaASO(2)) and cacodylic acid (C(2)H(7)ASO(2)). A significant dose-dependent increment in the extent of DNA migration as well as in the percentage of cells with tails was observed (P < 0.001) after treatment with CdSO4 and NaASO(2). Treatment with CdCl2 induced a relatively low level of DNA strand breaks in comparison with that induced by CdSO4. The increase migration observed with the three compounds could be originated either by the direct induction of DNA lesions or by the inhibition of excision repair mechanisms. On the other hand, cells treated with C2H7AsO2 showed a decrease in the migration length with the three doses employed (P < 0.001). The decrease in the rate of DNA migration could be a consequence of the induction of DNA cross-links by organic arsenicals. Cd and As salts induced DNA damage in fibroblast cells, detected as DNA migration in the single cell gel (SCG) assay. The distribution of DNA migration among cells as a function of dose revealed that the majority of exposed cells showed more DNA damage than cells obtained from control cultures. Thepotential for human exposure to both metals has been increased over the years due to the increment in their use. For this reason, elucidation of carcinogenic mechanisms is very important. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 21:50:43