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Titolo:
Viscous forces acting on subducting lithosphere
Autore:
Winder, RO; Peacock, SM;
Indirizzi:
Arizona State Univ, Dept Geol Sci, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA Arizona State UnivTempe AZ USA 85287 Dept Geol Sci, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH
fascicolo: B10, volume: 106, anno: 2001,
pagine: 21937 - 21951
SICI:
0148-0227(20011010)106:B10<21937:VFAOSL>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
UPPER-MANTLE; LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS; TRENCH MIGRATION; MARGINAL BASINS; TECTONIC FLOW; PLATE MOTION; ISLAND ARCS; CONVECTION; ZONE; SLABS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Winder, RO Arizona State Univ, Dept Geol Sci, POB 871404, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA Arizona State Univ POB 871404 Tempe AZ USA 85287 , AZ 85287 USA
Citazione:
R.O. Winder e S.M. Peacock, "Viscous forces acting on subducting lithosphere", J GEO R-SOL, 106(B10), 2001, pp. 21937-21951

Abstract

Subducting lithosphere is driven by gravitational forces and resisted primarily by viscous forces. Three independent types of mantle flow combine to create viscous tractions on the surface of a subducting slab which terminates in the upper mantle: (1) flow induced by plate convergence and slab subduction, (2) flow caused by trench migration, and (3) "regional" upper mantle flow unrelated to convergence or trench migration. The equilibrium dip ofa slab reflects a balance of viscous tractions with gravitational forces and slab stiffness. We present results from a two-dimensional finite difference model of upper mantle flow for different slab geometries where mantle viscosity increases exponentially with depth and the slab, terminating in the upper mantle, is assumed to be infinitely viscous, In the overlying mantle wedge the subducting slab creates a strong eddy, which is largely unaffected by trench migration or regional flow. Trench migration and regional mantle flow produce tractions which tend to lift the slab and which are independent of slab dip for a slab terminating in the upper mantle. For dips > 22.5 degrees the upward torquing force on the slab due to convergence is negligible compared to the pressures created by trench migration and regional mantle flow. Slabs dipping < 87.5 degrees which are in torquing equilibrium require regional flow in the same direction as subduction (or trench migration in the opposite direction), which simultaneously tends to eliminate most of the horizontal pressure difference across the subduction zone. The force calculations based on this model suggest that viscosity at the base of the lithosphere is < 2x10(20) Pa s, assuming viscosity increases exponentially with depth to < 2.8x10(21) Pa s just above the lower mantle. For force-balanced slabs which penetrate halfway into the upper mantle with dip in therange of 30 degrees to 75 degrees slab dip increases linearly with decreasing trench migration rate and decreasing regional mantle flow.

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Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 04:48:44