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Titolo:
The scientific principles underlying the monitoring of the environmental impacts of aquaculture
Autore:
Fernandes, TF; Eleftheriou, A; Ackefors, H; Eleftheriou, M; Ervik, A; Sanchez-Mata, A; Scanlon, T; White, P; Cochrane, S; Pearson, TH; Read, PA;
Indirizzi:
Napier Univ, Sch Life Sci, Edinburgh EH10 5DT, Midlothian, Scotland NapierUniv Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH10 5DT , Midlothian, Scotland Inst Marine Biol Crete, Iraklion 71003, Greece Inst Marine Biol Crete Iraklion Greece 71003 ete, Iraklion 71003, Greece Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden Stockholm Univ Stockholm Sweden S-10691 Zool, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden Inst Marine Res, Bergen, Norway Inst Marine Res Bergen NorwayInst Marine Res, Bergen, Norway Univ Santiago, Dpto Biol Anim, Fac Biol, Santiago De Compostela 15706, Spain Univ Santiago Santiago De Compostela Spain 15706 Compostela 15706, Spain Irish Sea Fisheries Board, Dun Laoghaire, Dublin, Ireland Irish Sea Fisheries Board Dun Laoghaire Dublin Ireland , Dublin, Ireland Akvaplan Niva, Polar Environm Ctr, N-9296 Tromso, Norway Akvaplan Niva Tromso Norway N-9296 r Environm Ctr, N-9296 Tromso, Norway SEAS Ltd, Dunstaffnage Marine Res Lab, Oban, Argyll, Scotland SEAS Ltd Oban Argyll Scotland age Marine Res Lab, Oban, Argyll, Scotland
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF APPLIED ICHTHYOLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 17, anno: 2001,
pagine: 181 - 193
SICI:
0175-8659(200108)17:4<181:TSPUTM>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MARINE AQUACULTURE; ATLANTIC SALMON; ORGANIC-MATTER; FISH; FARM; POPULATION; NUTRIENTS; POLLUTION; SCOTLAND; IRELAND;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
72
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Fernandes, TF Napier Univ, Sch Life Sci, 10 Colinton Rd, Edinburgh EH10 5DT, Midlothian,Scotland Napier Univ 10 Colinton Rd Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH10 5DT
Citazione:
T.F. Fernandes et al., "The scientific principles underlying the monitoring of the environmental impacts of aquaculture", J APP ICHTH, 17(4), 2001, pp. 181-193

Abstract

This paper provides a critical review of the main issues regarding the scientific principles underlying environmental monitoring of marine aquaculture operations and makes recommendations relevant to the implementation of best practice for the management of aquaculture in Europe. Given that a variety of cultured species and approaches are adopted in Europe, it is not possible, or indeed desirable, to devise prescriptive guidelines. Instead, thispaper reviews how science informs monitoring and provides a framework for the development of a monitoring strategy of marine aquaculture operations that is flexible enough to be applicable to a variety of locations, species and situations. Traditionally environmental monitoring has concentrated on a few key physical and chemical variables and organisms. The trend now, however, is towards whole-system environmental assessment (e.g. CEC 2000; Osparcom 1998), including considerations of the assimilative capacity of specific systems and their ability to absorb and dilute perturbations. Against this background this paper addresses the following specific objectives:review of the rationale and scientific principles underlying current environmental monitoring with specific reference to marine aquaculture;evaluation of the links between monitoring and regulatory criteria, specifically consideration of environmental quality objectives and environmental quality standards, and the role of environmental impact assessmentsassessment of the role of codes of best conduct and practice, and environmental management systems in the management of aquaculture operations. The paper concludes by proposing a set of recommendations which will contribute towards the sustainable management of aquaculture operations, throughthe implementation of a more focused approach to environmental monitoring.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 08:51:27