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Titolo:
Regulation of expression of cytokines and growth factors in osteoarthriticcartilage explants
Autore:
Moos, V; Sieper, J; Herzog, VI; Muller, B;
Indirizzi:
Deutsch Rheuma Forschungszentrum Berlin, D-10117 Berlin, Germany Deutsch Rheuma Forschungszentrum Berlin Berlin Germany D-10117 , Germany
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 20, anno: 2001,
pagine: 353 - 358
SICI:
0770-3198(2001)20:5<353:ROEOCA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN ARTICULAR CHONDROCYTES; RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS; SYNOVIAL-FLUID; TNF-ALPHA; INTERLEUKIN-6; DESTRUCTION; IL-1; POLYMORPHISM; THALIDOMIDE; INHIBITOR;
Keywords:
chondrocytes; cytokines; osteoarthritis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Muller, B Deutsch Rheuma Forschungszentrum Berlin, Schumann Str 21-22, D-10117 Berlin, Germany Deutsch Rheuma Forschungszentrum Berlin Schumann Str 21-22 Berlin Germany D-10117
Citazione:
V. Moos et al., "Regulation of expression of cytokines and growth factors in osteoarthriticcartilage explants", CLIN RHEUMA, 20(5), 2001, pp. 353-358

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease characterised by the breakdown of the extracellular matrix of chondrocytes in the affected joints. Cytokines and growth factors which are known to play a role in the synthesis and degradation of cartilage matrix have been shown to be upregulated in osteoarthritic cartilage. This upregulation resulted in two different phenotypes, overexpressing either TNF-alpha and IL-6 or IL-1 beta, TGF beta (1), IL-4 and IL-10. To investigate the hierarchy among growth factors and cytokines involved in cartilage metabolism, we analysed osteoarthritic cartilage explants for their responses to human recombinant (rh) cytokines and growth factors. The cytokine expression patterns of the explants before and after in vitro culture were compared by immunohistological staining of cartilage sections. We found a coordinate expression of TNF-alpha and IL-6 on the one hand, and or IL-1 beta, TGF beta (1), IL-4 and IL-10 on the other. Although TNF-alpha and IL-6 stimulated each other's expression, they downregulated TGF beta (1), IL-4 and IL-10 or IL-1 beta, TGF beta (1) and IFN gamma, respectively. IL-1 beta upregulated the expression of TGF beta (1), IL-4 and IL-10, and jointly these four cytokines and growth factors downregulated IL-6. Both of the expression patterns described for OA cartilage can be explained by these regulatory mechanisms. Interestingly, no cytokine efficiently downregulated TNF-alpha, and even though IL-1 beta is upregulated in one of the OA phenotypes none of the growth factors and cytokines tested - except for IL-1 beta itself - seemed capable of mediating this upregulation. This unresponsiveness to cytokine stimulation might hint at a genetic cause for the elevated expression in the respective phenotypes.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 10:01:59