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Titolo:
Psychophysiological responses in ADHD boys with and without conduct disorder: Implications for adult antisocial behavior
Autore:
Herpertz, SC; Wenning, B; Mueller, B; Qunaibi, M; Sass, H; Herpertz-Dahlmann, B;
Indirizzi:
Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, D-52074 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Aachen Germany D-52074 , D-52074 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat & Psychotherapy,D-52074 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Aachen Germany D-52074 y,D-52074 Aachen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 10, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1222 - 1230
SICI:
0890-8567(200110)40:10<1222:PRIABW>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; AGE 15 YEARS; ELECTRODERMAL ACTIVITY; HYPERKINETIC CHILDREN; CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR; ATTENTION; STARTLE; AROUSAL; PSYCHOPATHY; STIMULUS;
Keywords:
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; conduct disorder; antisocial behavior; psychophysiology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Herpertz, SC Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy, Pauwelsstr 30, D-52074 Aachen, Germany Rhein Westfal TH Aachen Pauwelsstr 30 Aachen Germany D-52074
Citazione:
S.C. Herpertz et al., "Psychophysiological responses in ADHD boys with and without conduct disorder: Implications for adult antisocial behavior", J AM A CHIL, 40(10), 2001, pp. 1222-1230

Abstract

Objective: Several studies have demonstrated that the presence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood increases the risk of antisocial behavior developing in adulthood. However, because previous research did not consider comorbid conduct disorder (CD), the question of whether ADHD by itself or only the association of ADHD with CD implies a risk ofadult antisocial behavior developing is still under discussion. Method: Because several characteristics of psychophysiological response had been shown to be associated with future increased likelihood of adult antisocial behavior, autonomic arousal as well as electrodermal responses to orienting and aversive stimuli were assessed in 26 boys with ADHD+CD compared with 21 boys with ADHD alone and 21 controls. Results: Boys with a comorbid condition of ADHD+CD showed a decrement of autonomic responses and a more rapid habituation to orienting and aversive startling stimuli compared with age-matched children with ADHD alone. Conclusions: Boys with ADHD+CD show a psychophysiological response pattern that is very similar to that reported in antisocial personalities. These findings give further support for a high persistence of antisocial behavior from childhood to adulthood, while no evidencewas found that ADHD itself is associated with a predisposition to antisocial behavior.

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Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 10:21:24