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Titolo:
Association between psychiatric disorders and the progression of tobacco use behaviors
Autore:
Dierker, LC; Avenevoli, S; Merikangas, KR; Flaherty, BP; Stolar, M;
Indirizzi:
Wesleyan Univ, Dept Psychol, Middletown, CT 06459 USA Wesleyan Univ Middletown CT USA 06459 t Psychol, Middletown, CT 06459 USA Yale Univ, Sch Med, Dept Biostat, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Yale Univ New Haven CT USA 06520 d, Dept Biostat, New Haven, CT 06520 USA Penn State Univ, Dept Human Dev & Family Studies, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 s, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 10, volume: 40, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1159 - 1167
SICI:
0890-8567(200110)40:10<1159:ABPDAT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-USE; SMOKING INITIATION; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; ANXIETY DISORDERS; MAJOR DEPRESSION; SUBSTANCE-ABUSE; HIGH-RISK; COMORBIDITY; ADOLESCENTS; DEPENDENCE;
Keywords:
smoking; psychiatric disorders; nicotine dependence;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dierker, LC Wesleyan Univ, Dept Psychol, 207 High St, Middletown, CT 06459USA Wesleyan Univ 207 High St Middletown CT USA 06459 CT 06459 USA
Citazione:
L.C. Dierker et al., "Association between psychiatric disorders and the progression of tobacco use behaviors", J AM A CHIL, 40(10), 2001, pp. 1159-1167

Abstract

Objective. To examine the progression of tobacco use and the patterns of comorbidity of tobacco use and psychiatric disorders. Method: The authors conducted analyses of prospective and retrospective reports, collected from 1988 to 1998, of a sample of high- and low-risk youths identified on the basis of the presence or absence of a parental history of substance abuse or dependence. Results: A parental history of substance use disorders was associated with regular tobacco use and nicotine dependence, but not with experimentation for all youths. Individual and composite psychiatric diagnoses were strongly associated with nicotine dependence, but not with regular use or experimentation. While the presence of an affective disorder and drug abuse/dependence generally increased the risk for co-occurring nicotine dependence, analyses based on the temporal onset of disorders showed that it was the initiation of alcohol or drug use that predicted the progression to nicotine dependence. For low-risk youths, oppositional defiant disorder was the single psychiatric risk factor that predicted the transition to nicotine dependence. Conclusions: This study adds to the accumulating evidence that has Implicated comorbid psychiatric disorders in the etiology and subsequent course of nicotine dependence. In addition, family history may represent an important indicator of an increased risk for nicotine dependence.

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Documento generato il 17/01/20 alle ore 20:22:35