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Titolo:
Democratizing with ethnic divisions: A source of conflict?
Autore:
Mousseau, DY;
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PEACE RESEARCH
fascicolo: 5, volume: 38, anno: 2001,
pagine: 547 - 567
SICI:
0022-3433(200109)38:5<547:DWEDAS>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CROSS-NATIONAL ANALYSIS; SPLIT LABOR-MARKET; POLITICAL VIOLENCE; ECONOMIC-INEQUALITY; INCOME INEQUALITY; SOLIDARITY; REPRESSION; DEMOCRACY; PEACE; MODEL;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.Y. Mousseau, "Democratizing with ethnic divisions: A source of conflict?", J PEACE RES, 38(5), 2001, pp. 547-567

Abstract

This article investigates the conditions that are conducive to extreme political violence in ethnically heterogeneous nations. Theories of resource mobilization, ethnic competition, and split labor market propose that democratization and economic modernization encourage ethnic competition, increasing the likelihood of extreme political violence within nations experiencingpolitical and economic change. In the light of these theories, the conditions that possibly foster conflict in multi-ethnic nations are identified with respect to levels of democracy, political change (or democratization), and levels of economic development. The effects of these variables on extreme political violence are examined with several logit regression analyses ona pooled time-series sample of 126 nations from 1948 to 1982. The findingsshow that ethnic heterogeneity is not associated with higher levels of violence within nations, except under certain political conditions. Both democracy and economic development relate to political violence in a curvilinearinverted U-shape form. For ethnically heterogeneous societies, however, the inverted U-curve for democracy is asymmetric, with democracys pacifying impact relative to semi-democracies only about half as potent as in ethnically homogeneous societies and less than that of strict autocracy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 07:54:06