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Titolo:
The pharmacologic and expectancy effects of alcohol on social anxiety in individuals with social phobia
Autore:
Abrams, K; Kushner, M; Medina, KL; Voight, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, Fairview Riverside Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 ychiat, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 64, anno: 2001,
pagine: 219 - 231
SICI:
0376-8716(20011001)64:2<219:TPAEEO>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STRESS-RESPONSE; CONSUMPTION; REDUCTION; DRINKING;
Keywords:
social phobia; co-morbidity alcohol use; alcohol challenge; laboratory stress;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kushner, M Univ Minnesota, Fairview Riverside Hosp, Dept Psychiat, F-282-2A W,2450 Riverside Ave, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota F-282-2A W,2450 Riverside Ave Minneapolis MN USA 55455
Citazione:
K. Abrams et al., "The pharmacologic and expectancy effects of alcohol on social anxiety in individuals with social phobia", DRUG AL DEP, 64(2), 2001, pp. 219-231

Abstract

Individuals with social phobia are at an increased risk for alcohol problems. Individuals with social phobia could increase their risk for pathological alcohol use if they drink as a means of coping with anxiety-provoking social situations. Providing a circumscribed test of this view, we evaluate the effect of alcohol on the intensity of social phobia anxiety responses. Sixty-one individuals with social phobia gave two speech challenges in frontof a group ('social anxiety challenge'), one occurring before and one after they consumed either: (a) an alcoholic drink they were told contained alcohol ('alcohol group'), (b) a non-alcoholic drink they were told contained alcohol ('placebo group'), or, (c) a non-alcoholic drink they were told contained no alcohol ('control group'). Both the alcohol group and the placebogroup showed greater reduction in performance anxiety from the first to the second speech challenge than did the control group. Further, there was a strong trend in the data for the alcohol group to show greater reduction inperformance anxiety from the first to the second speech challenge than didthe placebo group. We concluded from these findings that the pharmacologiceffects of alcohol and the belief that one consumed alcohol decrease social performance anxiety in an additive fashion. These results provide direct support for the negatively reinforcing properties of alcohol and are consistent with the view that symptom reduction may motivate alcohol use among socially phobic individuals. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 13:23:36