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Titolo:
Fat absorption and metabolism in bile duct ligated rats
Autore:
De Vriese, SR; Savelii, JL; Poisson, JP; Narce, M; Kerremans, I; Lefebvre, R; Dhooge, WS; De Greyt, W; Christophe, AB;
Indirizzi:
State Univ Ghent, Dept Endocrinol, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent GhentBelgium v Ghent, Dept Endocrinol, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent, Dept Surg, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent Ghent Belgium te Univ Ghent, Dept Surg, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent, Dept Pharmacol, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent Ghent Belgium iv Ghent, Dept Pharmacol, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent, Dept Food Technol, Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent Ghent Belgium Ghent, Dept Food Technol, Ghent, Belgium Univ Bourgogne, Fac Sci, UPRES Lipides & Nutr, Dijon, France Univ Bourgogne Dijon France ac Sci, UPRES Lipides & Nutr, Dijon, France
Titolo Testata:
ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM
fascicolo: 5, volume: 45, anno: 2001,
pagine: 209 - 216
SICI:
0250-6807(200109/10)45:5<209:FAAMIB>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EXTRAHEPATIC BILIARY ATRESIA; ACID COMPOSITION; GROWING-RAT; CHOLESTEROL; CHROMATOGRAPHY; PHOSPHOLIPIDS;
Keywords:
extrahepatic bile duct atresia; desaturation activity; bile overflow; lipid absorption; lipid metabolism;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: De Vriese, SR State Univ Ghent Hosp, UZ 6 K12 IE,De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium State Univ Ghent Hosp UZ 6 K12 IE,De Pintelaan 185 Ghent Belgium B-9000
Citazione:
S.R. De Vriese et al., "Fat absorption and metabolism in bile duct ligated rats", ANN NUTR M, 45(5), 2001, pp. 209-216

Abstract

Background. Bile excretion is obstructed in children with extrahepatic bile duct atresia (EHBA) resulting in fat malabsorption and disturbed lipid metabolism. Aim: Investigate if the bile duct ligated rat exhibits similar deviations as patients with EHBA under different feeding conditions. Methods:6 bile duct ligated Wistar rats and 12 matched paired controls were randomised over 3 feeding groups. Rats were killed 16 or 30 days postsurgery. Faeces, blood and livers were collected. Fat absorption was evaluated, markersfor cholestasis and the fatty acid composition of serum phospholipids (PL)and cholesterol esters (CE) were determined. Fatty acid desaturation activities in liver microsomes were measured. Results: Cholestatic bile duct ligated rats have a lower fat absorption coefficient and a lower fraction of 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3 in serum triglycerides than their controls. This demonstrates that bile duct ligated rats suffer from fat malabsorption. In contrast to the observations in serum triglycerides, 18:2n-6 and 18:3n-3 were not reduced in serum PL and CE of cholestatic rats. Overflow of 18:2n-6 rich biliary PL in the general circulation could contribute to this observation. In agreement with what was found in man, serum PL of cholestatic rats have ahigher 16:0/18:0 ratio, increased monoenes and reduced unsaturated fatty acids. However, no differences were observed in microsomal desaturation activities. Conclusion: Cholestatic bile duct ligated rats exhibit similar deviations in serum fatty acid composition as found in patients with EHBA, therefore they can be used as a model for this human disease.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 17:51:22