Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Deer-vehicle crashes - Extensive peak at 1 hour after sunset
Autore:
Haikonen, H; Summala, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Helsinki, Traff Res Unit, Dept Psychol, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland Univ Helsinki Helsinki Finland FIN-00014 ol, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 21, anno: 2001,
pagine: 209 - 213
SICI:
0749-3797(200110)21:3<209:DC-EPA>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ACTIVITY PATTERNS; MOOSE; COLLISIONS; LIGHT; VISIBILITY; ACCIDENTS; BEHAVIOR;
Keywords:
accident prevention; circadian rhythm; accidents, traffic; behavior, animal;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Summala, H Univ Helsinki, Traff Res Unit, Dept Psychol, POB 13, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland Univ Helsinki POB 13 Helsinki Finland FIN-00014 sinki, Finland
Citazione:
H. Haikonen e H. Summala, "Deer-vehicle crashes - Extensive peak at 1 hour after sunset", AM J PREV M, 21(3), 2001, pp. 209-213

Abstract

Background: On-road encounters with animals resulted in 231 fatalities in the United States in 1999, and the annual number of deer-vehicle crashes (DVCs) has been estimated to total more than 500,000. Previous studies suggest that the number of DVCs is highest during the hours of dusk and dawn. However, these studies have not adequately taken into account the synchronization of visibility and animal behavior width sunset and sunrise. The goal ofthis study was to determine the temporal variation in the crash risk, so that this variation could be better taken into account by road users. Methods: In Finland, the recorded times for 13,379 crashes with moose and 8191 crashes with white-tailed deer were adjusted to sunset and sunrise according to the location and date of occurrence. In addition, two sample distributions of traffic volume on public roads were adjusted to sunset. The DVC rate was computed as the proportion of number of crashes to traffic volume. Results: The highest crash peak occurred I hour after sunset for both species of deer. The relative risk peaked at 30 times the seasonal daytime level of the crash rate for white-tailed deer in the fall and at over 60 times for moose in the summer. Conclusions: Drivers can effectively reduce their risk of DVCs by reducingspeed and remaining alert for deer intrusions on the roadway during the most critical time of the day: after sunset.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/10/20 alle ore 11:15:10