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Titolo:
Differences in dietary patterns of nonsmoking adults married to smokers vs. nonsmokers
Autore:
Hampl, JS; Taylor, CA; Booth, CL;
Indirizzi:
Arizona State Univ, Dept Nutr, Mesa, AZ 85212 USA Arizona State Univ MesaAZ USA 85212 Univ, Dept Nutr, Mesa, AZ 85212 USA Oklahoma State Univ, Dept Nutr Sci, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA Oklahoma State Univ Stillwater OK USA 74078 Sci, Stillwater, OK 74078 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PROMOTION
fascicolo: 1, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1 - 6
SICI:
0890-1171(200109/10)16:1<1:DIDPON>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO-SMOKE; NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY; 3RD NATIONAL-HEALTH; CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; PASSIVE SMOKING; LUNG-CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; LIPID-PEROXIDATION; NUTRIENT INTAKE;
Keywords:
cigarette smoking; spouse; dietary intake;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hampl, JS Arizona State Univ, Dept Nutr, 7001 E Williams Field Rd, Mesa, AZ 85212 USA Arizona State Univ 7001 E Williams Field Rd Mesa AZ USA 85212 SA
Citazione:
J.S. Hampl et al., "Differences in dietary patterns of nonsmoking adults married to smokers vs. nonsmokers", AM J H PRO, 16(1), 2001, pp. 1-6

Abstract

Purpose. To compare dietary intakes of nonsmoking adults married to smokers or non-smokers. Design. Respondents to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Continuing Survey of Food In takes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994 to 1996 (response rate = 76.1% for 2 days of dietary intake). Nonsmoking adults aged 18 and older were grouped according to the smoking status of their spouse. Setting. In-home interviews in all 50 states and Washington, D.CSubjects. The selected sample included 757 men and 754 women who were married to nonsmokers, and 197 men and 262 women who were married to smokers. Measures. Selected demographic variables, food group servings, food energy, and densities of selected nutrients were compared using chi (2) and analysis of covariance. Results. Men and women married to smokers had greater (p less than or equal to .025) energy-adjusted intakes of total and saturated fat but significantly lower (p less than or equal to .05) energy-adjusted intakes of fiber and vitamin A. Men married to smokers consumed significantly more (p < .025)energy-adjusted cholesterol and ethanol but significantly less calcium (p = .026); women married to smokers consumed significantly less (p = .014) energy-adjusted folate. Men married to smokers consumed significantly more (p<less than or equal to> .05) alcoholic beverages, coffee, and soft drinks;women married to smokers consumed significantly less water (p = .014) but more cheese and table sweeteners (p less than or equal to .05). Conclusions. Nonsmoking men and women who were married to smokers had compromised dietary intakes. Nonsmoking men whose wives smoked, in particular, had unhealthy diets due to elevated intakes of fat and cholesterol and low intakes of vitamin A, calcium, and fiber Health professionals should continue to provide tobacco cessation instruction and dietary guidance, but also be aware of at-risk patients' immediate family members who likely share an increased risk of disease because of poor diet quality and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.

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Documento generato il 04/06/20 alle ore 01:46:45