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Titolo:
Identification of those at greatest risk of harm among cognitively impaired people who live alone
Autore:
Tierney, MC; Charles, J; Jaglal, S; Snow, WG; Szalai, JP; Spizzirri, F; Fisher, RH;
Indirizzi:
Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook & Womens Coll Hlth Sci Ctr A145, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M4N 3M5 A145, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto, Grad Dept Rehabil Sci, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M4N 3M5 l Sci, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook & Womens Coll Hlth Sci Ctr, Clin Epidemiol & HlthServ, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M4N 3M5 hServ, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook & Womens Coll Hlth Sci Ctr, Div Geriatr Med, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M4N 3M5 r Med, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada
Titolo Testata:
AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION
fascicolo: 3, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 182 - 191
SICI:
1382-5585(200109)8:3<182:IOTAGR>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; COMPETENCE; PREDICTORS; HEALTH;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Tierney, MC Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook & Womens Coll Hlth Sci Ctr A145, 2075Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON M4N 3M5, Canada Univ Toronto 2075 Bayview Ave Toronto ON Canada M4N 3M5 Canada
Citazione:
M.C. Tierney et al., "Identification of those at greatest risk of harm among cognitively impaired people who live alone", AGING NEURO, 8(3), 2001, pp. 182-191

Abstract

Our purpose was to determine whether we could predict, from among seniors with cognitive impairment who lived alone, those at highest risk of experiencing harm or needing emergency services. Specifically, our focus was on the problems that occurred as a result of negligence due to cognitive impairment. We assessed 139 people, 65 years of age and older, who lived alone in a large urban centre and who showed cognitive impairment on a screening test. On average, participants were 83-year-olds, had 11 years of education, and a Mini-Mental State Score of 23. A total of 39% met diagnostic criteria for dementia. All underwent assessment of their neuropsychological abilities, behavioural characteristics and social supports. A study informant was identified for each participant who, together with the family physician, provided detailed information regarding the participants' use of emergency medical, fire or police services, their experience of harm or loss of propertyover the last 12 months. We determined that negligence due to cognitive impairment caused harm or the need for emergency services based on informants' and primary care physicians' reports and by three independent raters. Logistic regression analyses indicated that the best predictors of harm or useof emergency services were male sex, self-care deficits, and poor performance on the Trail Making Test, Part B. The sensitivity of this three-variable regression model was 81% and the specificity was 66%. The likelihood ratio of both the positive and negative tests for harm represented a small but meaningful change in pretest to posttest probability of harm. These resultsindicate that we can estimate an individual's probability of harm based onperformance on these three variables. The next step is to confirm the findings with prospectively collected data.

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Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 09:15:36