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Titolo:
Effects of rundown in soil hydraulic condition on crop productivity in south-eastern Queensland - a simulation study
Autore:
Connolly, RD; Freebairn, DM; Bell, MJ; Thomas, G;
Indirizzi:
Queensland Dept Primary Ind, Farming Syst Inst, Kingaroy, Qld 4610, Australia Queensland Dept Primary Ind Kingaroy Qld Australia 4610 d 4610, Australia Queensland Dept Nat Resources, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia Queensland Dept Nat Resources Toowoomba Qld Australia 4350 350, Australia Queensland Dept Nat Resources, Agr Prod Syst Res Unit, Toowoomba, Qld 4350, Australia Queensland Dept Nat Resources Toowoomba Qld Australia 4350 350, Australia
Titolo Testata:
AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF SOIL RESEARCH
fascicolo: 5, volume: 39, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1111 - 1129
SICI:
0004-9573(2001)39:5<1111:EORISH>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RED-BROWN EARTH; MEDITERRANEAN-TYPE ENVIRONMENT; WATER-USE EFFICIENCY; LONG-TERM TRENDS; CONTINUOUS CULTIVATION; WEST QUEENSLAND; WHEAT; INFILTRATION; MANAGEMENT; FERTILITY;
Keywords:
infiltration; soil structure; cropping systems; sustainability; wheat; models;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Connolly, RD POB 6113, Perth, WA 6892, Australia POB 6113 Perth WA Australia 6892 , Perth, WA 6892, Australia
Citazione:
R.D. Connolly et al., "Effects of rundown in soil hydraulic condition on crop productivity in south-eastern Queensland - a simulation study", AUST J SOIL, 39(5), 2001, pp. 1111-1129

Abstract

Declining soil organic matter levels because of cropping have been shown to reduce crop growth and yield, but the effects of changing infiltration and soil hydraulic properties on crop productivity have not been widely evaluated. Cropping systems in south-eastern Queensland have, in the past, involved intense tillage, trafficking with heavy machinery, and changed organic matter cycling, affecting soil aggregation, permeability, water-holding characteristics, and organic matter. The aim of this paper is to determine howimportant infiltration and soil hydraulic condition has been to the water balance, crop growth, and yield in the past, and may be in the future if management is not changed. Change in physical and chemical condition of the 5most commonly cropped soils in south-east Queensland (Sodosols, Vertosols with less than or equal to 55% clay, Vertosols with >55% clay, Red Ferrosols and Red Chromosols/Kandosols) was measured over 0-70 years of cropping and estimated up to 200 years. The APSIM model was used to predict effects ofchanging soil condition in a rain-fed, fertilised, wheat-summer fallow cropping system with intense tillage. Decline in infiltration, restricted internal redistribution of water, and increased evaporation reduced water supply to the crop, causing simulated yield to decline by 29, 38, 25, 17, and 13% for the 5 soils, respectively, after 50 years of cropping. Gross margin declined at a faster rate, falling by 36, 50, 40, 20, and 21%, respectively after 50 years because of increasing fertiliser requirement to compensate for declining soil fertility. Crop productivity on most soils continued to steadily decline as period of cropping increased to 200 years. To arrest or reverse this downward trend, it is likely that substantial changes to current cropping systems will be needed, including reducing tillage and trafficking, and improving organic matter levels.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 07:32:36