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Titolo:
Introduction to health economics for physicians
Autore:
Meltzer, MI;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Infect Dis, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA 30333 Dis, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA
Titolo Testata:
LANCET
fascicolo: 9286, volume: 358, anno: 2001,
pagine: 993 - 998
SICI:
0140-6736(20010922)358:9286<993:ITHEFP>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS; MEDICAL LITERATURE; VACCINATION PROGRAM; CLINICAL-PRACTICE; UNITED-STATES; USERS GUIDES; QUALITY; TRANSMISSION; PREVENTION; CHILDREN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Meltzer, MI Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Infect Dis, Mailstop D-59,1600 CliftonRd, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Mailstop D-59,1600 Clifton Rd Atlanta GA USA 30333
Citazione:
M.I. Meltzer, "Introduction to health economics for physicians", LANCET, 358(9286), 2001, pp. 993-998

Abstract

Since the 1960s, expenditure an health care in developed countries has risen faster than the general rate of inflation, thus making economic assessment of interventions an integral part of decision making in health services. This paper Is the first in a series whose goal is to provide some basic principles of health economics that will allow practising physicians to understand better the economic relations between their practice of medicine, thehealth-care sector, and the national economy. Some of the most important principles described in this paper include opportunity costs, identifying the appropriate perspective, correctly categorising costs, and discounting costs and non-monetary benefits (eg, lives saved) over time. Economic analyses of medical interventions must also take into consideration the differencebetween efficacy and effectiveness. Efficacy is the maximum possible benefit, often achieved with carefully controlled trials, and effectiveness is the actual decrease in disease achieved when the intervention is applied over a large, non-homogeneous population. This introduction ends with three methods of assessing the costs and benefits of an intervention-namely, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility analyses.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/21 alle ore 10:12:04