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Titolo:
Biased interpretation of evidence by mock jurors
Autore:
Carlson, KA; Russo, JE;
Indirizzi:
Cornell Univ, Johnson Grad Sch Management, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA Cornell Univ Ithaca NY USA 14853 rad Sch Management, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-APPLIED
fascicolo: 2, volume: 7, anno: 2001,
pagine: 91 - 103
SICI:
1076-898X(200106)7:2<91:BIOEBM>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DECISION-MAKING; PREDECISIONAL DISTORTION; PRETRIAL PUBLICITY; DAMAGE AWARDS; INFORMATION; JUDGMENT; PREINSTRUCTION; VERDICTS; QUALITY; MEMORY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Carlson, KA Duke Univ, Fuqua Sch Business, Durham, NC 27708 USA Duke UnivDurham NC USA 27708 Business, Durham, NC 27708 USA
Citazione:
K.A. Carlson e J.E. Russo, "Biased interpretation of evidence by mock jurors", J EXP PSY-A, 7(2), 2001, pp. 91-103

Abstract

Predecisional distortion is jurors' biased interpretation of new evidence to support whichever verdict is tentatively favored as a trial progresses. In 2 experiments, students and prospective jurors distorted evidence from amock trial. Further, the magnitude of prospective jurors' distortion was twice that of students. Consistent with previous research, distortion increased with juror confidence in whichever verdict was currently leading. In spite of clear instructions to ignore prior beliefs, general proplaintiff or prodefendant attitudes influenced the verdicts of prospective jurors, but not of students. These findings suggest that jury instructions should warn against not only premature decisions but also any tentative judgments, lest such opinions influence jurors' evaluations of subsequent evidence. Predecisional distortion in jury trials may lead to biased outcomes resulting fromevidence order effects.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 00:50:03