Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Gender differences in cognitive and emotional adjustment to traumatic brain injury
Autore:
Schopp, LH; Shigaki, CL; Johnstone, B; Kirkpatrick, HA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Missouri, Sch Med, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, Columbia, MO 65212 USA Univ Missouri Columbia MO USA 65212 Med & Rehabil, Columbia, MO 65212 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IN MEDICAL SETTINGS
fascicolo: 3, volume: 8, anno: 2001,
pagine: 181 - 188
SICI:
1068-9583(200109)8:3<181:GDICAE>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEX-DIFFERENCES; PREMORBID INTELLIGENCE; HEAD-INJURY; PROGESTERONE; INDIVIDUALS; COMMUNITY;
Keywords:
depression; emotion; traumatic brain injury; neuropsychological testing; gender;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schopp, LH Univ Missouri, Sch Med, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, DC046-00,1 Hosp Dr, Columbia, MO 65212 USA Univ Missouri DC046-00,1 Hosp Dr Columbia MO USA 65212 5212 USA
Citazione:
L.H. Schopp et al., "Gender differences in cognitive and emotional adjustment to traumatic brain injury", J CL P MED, 8(3), 2001, pp. 181-188

Abstract

This study examined gender differences in cognitive and emotional status after traumatic brain injury (TBI) among 262 men and 140 women with TBI referred for neuropsychological evaluations. In this cross-sectional study, cognition was measured in terms of both absolute level of functioning (i.e., raw/standard scores) and estimated decline from premorbid levels expressed as z-deficit scores in the following domains: intelligence [Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R)], memory and attention [Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R)], processing speed (Trails A), and cognitive flexibility (Trails B). Emotional functioning was measured in terms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory) and general emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory). Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric one-way ANOVAs indicated that women and men differed significantly on 2 of 8 raw/standard cognitive scores [mendemonstrated lower WMS-R General Memory (p < .05) and Trails B scores (p <.0001) and 4 of 8 relative decline scores [women demonstrated more estimated change in VIQ (Verbal IQ) [p < .0001], FSIQ (Full Scale IQ) [p < .01], and Attention (p < .01)]; men demonstrated greater estimated z-decline scores on Trails B (p < .01)]. Women reported significantly higher levels of depression (p < .01), but men endorsed significantly greater general psychological distress (p < .05). Research and assessment recommendations are suggested.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 10:03:33