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Titolo:
Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder
Autore:
Rothbaum, BO; Hodges, LF; Ready, D; Graap, K; Alarcon, RD;
Indirizzi:
Emory Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA 30322 Med, Dept Psychiat, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Georgia Inst Technol, Coll Comp, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA Georgia Inst Technol Atlanta GA USA 30332 oll Comp, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA Atlanta VAMC, Dept Psychiat, Atlanta, GA USA Atlanta VAMC Atlanta GA USAAtlanta VAMC, Dept Psychiat, Atlanta, GA USA Emory Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA30322 Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Virtually Better Inc, Atlanta, GA USA Virtually Better Inc Atlanta GA USA irtually Better Inc, Atlanta, GA USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 62, anno: 2001,
pagine: 617 - 622
SICI:
0160-6689(200108)62:8<617:VRETFV>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COMBAT VETERANS; GRADED EXPOSURE; PTSD; ACROPHOBIA; IMAGERY; FEAR;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rothbaum, BO Emory Clin, Dept Psychiat, 1365 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322USA Emory Clin 1365 Clifton Rd Atlanta GA USA 30322 GA 30322 USA
Citazione:
B.O. Rothbaum et al., "Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder", J CLIN PSY, 62(8), 2001, pp. 617-622

Abstract

Background: Virtual reality (VR) integrates real-time computer graphics, body-tracking devices, visual displays, and other sensory input devices to immerse a participant in a computer-generated virtual environment that changes in a natural way with head and body motion. VR exposure (VRE) is proposed as an alternative to typical imaginal exposure treatment for Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method: This report presents the results of an open clinical trial using VRE to treat Vietnam combat veterans who have DSM-IV PTSD. In 8 to 16 sessions. 10 male patients were exposed to 2 virtual environments: a virtual Hueyhelicopter flying over a virtual Vietnam and a clearing surrounded by jungle. Results: Clinician-rated PTSD symptoms as measured by the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale, the primary outcome measure, at 6-month follow-up indicated an overall statistically significant reduction from baseline (p=.0021) in symptoms associated with specific reported traumatic experiences. All 8 participants interviewed at the 6-month follow-up reported reductions in PTSD symptoms ranging from 15% to 67%. Significant decreases were seen in all3 symptom clusters (p < .02). Patient self-reported intrusion symptoms as measured by the Impact of Event Scale were significantly lower (p < .05) at3 months than at baseline but not at 6 months. although there was a clear trend toward fewer intrusive thoughts and somewhat less avoidance. Conclusion: Virtual reality exposure therapy holds promise for treating PTSD in Vietnam veterans.

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Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 11:10:19