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Titolo:
Are hormone levels and cognitive ability related during early adolescence?
Autore:
Davison, KK; Susman, EJ;
Indirizzi:
Penn State Univ, Dept Human Dev & Family Studies, University Pk, PA 16801 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16801 s, University Pk, PA 16801 USA NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIMH Bethesda MD USA 20892NIMH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NICHHD, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NICHHD Bethesda MD USA 20892NICHHD, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT
fascicolo: 5, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 416 - 428
SICI:
0165-0254(200109)25:5<416:AHLACA>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CREATIVE MUSICAL BEHAVIOR; SPATIAL ABILITY; SEX-DIFFERENCES; CEREBRAL LATERALIZATION; DIETHYLSTILBESTROL DES; TESTOSTERONE LEVELS; PRENATAL EXPOSURE; STEROID-HORMONES; META-ANALYSIS; PERFORMANCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Davison, KK Penn State Univ, Dept Human Dev & Family Studies, S-110 Henderson Bldg, University Pk, PA 16801 USA Penn State Univ S-110 Henderson Bldg University Pk PA USA 16801
Citazione:
K.K. Davison e E.J. Susman, "Are hormone levels and cognitive ability related during early adolescence?", INT J BEHAV, 25(5), 2001, pp. 416-428

Abstract

The present study assessed the longstanding question of whether there is arelationship between sex hormones and cognitive ability in young adolescent girls and boys. Three "theories" of the relationship between hormone levels and cognition were identified from a broad literature base and were usedto formulate hypotheses regarding the relationship between sex hormones and cognitive ability in early adolescents. Fifty-six boys, aged 10-14, and 52 girls, aged 9-14, completed two standardised spatial ability tests and one standardised test of verbal ability. Three blood samples, at 20-minute intervals, were obtained to determine levels of estradiol and testosterone, Data were collected on three occasions for all measures at 6-month intervals. A positive linear relationship between testosterone and spatial ability was identified for boys at each time of measurement for both measures of spatial ability (i.e., mental rotation and block design). For girls, a positive linear relationship was identified between testosterone and mental rotation only at time 3. In addition, longitudinal relationships were identified between change in testosterone levels and change in spatial ability for both girls and boys. The conclusion was that testosterone is related to cognitive functioning during pubertal development for boys and to a lesser extentfor girls.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/03/20 alle ore 00:51:05