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Titolo:
Epidemiology of bronchial asthma and chronic rhinitis in schoolchildren ofdifferent ethnic origins from two neighboring towns in Israel
Autore:
Kivity, S; Sade, K; Abu-Arisha, F; Lerman, Y; Kivity, S;
Indirizzi:
Tel Aviv Univ, Sackler Fac Med, Tel Aviv Sourasky Med Ctr, Chest & AllergyUnit, IL-64239 Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv Univ Tel Aviv Israel IL-64239 gyUnit, IL-64239 Tel Aviv, Israel
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 32, anno: 2001,
pagine: 217 - 221
SICI:
8755-6863(200109)32:3<217:EOBAAC>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS; CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; ATOPY; PREVALENCE; SMOKING; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
epidemiology; bronchial asthma; chronic rhinitis; stuffy nose; smoking; ethnicity; eczema; etiology; children; allergy;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
17
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kivity, S Tel Aviv Univ, Sackler Fac Med, Tel Aviv Sourasky Med Ctr, Chest& AllergyUnit, 6 Weizmann St, IL-64239 Tel Aviv, Israel Tel Aviv Univ 6 Weizmann St Tel Aviv Israel IL-64239 iv, Israel
Citazione:
S. Kivity et al., "Epidemiology of bronchial asthma and chronic rhinitis in schoolchildren ofdifferent ethnic origins from two neighboring towns in Israel", PEDIAT PULM, 32(3), 2001, pp. 217-221

Abstract

Allergic diseases have increased significantly in developed countries for reasons yet to be determined. We studied the epidemiology of bronchial asthma (B.A.) and chronic rhinitis (Ch.R.) among Israeli school children from two neighboring towns, one Jewish (Zichron Yaakov, school population = 585) and the other Arab (Paradis, school population = 658). The children (age range 8-17 years, 567 males, 676 females) shared the same climate and had similar demographic characteristics. They received similar medical care and had the same rates of hospitalization and emergency room visits. The Jewish children had a higher prevalence of B.A. (13.7% vs, 9.4%), Ch.R. (19.7% vs. 9.7%), and stuffy nose (31% vs. 14%) than their Arab counterparts. In addition to ethnicity, parental smoking habits were the major differentiating factor between the two groups: 20% of the mothers and 29% of thefathers from Zichron Yaakov and 2% of the mothers and 60% of the fathers from Paradis were smokers. Smoking fathers increased the rate of B.A. in both towns as well as emergency room visits, but not the rate of Ch.R. or stuffy nose. A familial history of B.A. was the main determinant for having childhood asthma or chronic rhinitis. We conclude that in addition to family history and ethnicity, smoking among mothers was the major contributing factor for the higher prevalence of atopic diseases among Jewish schoolchildren compared to their Arab counterparts. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 22:42:41