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Titolo:
Dams and development - An insight to the report of the World Commission onDams
Autore:
Bird, J; Wallace, P;
Indirizzi:
World Commiss Dams, ZA-8018 Cape Town, South Africa World Commiss Dams Cape Town South Africa ZA-8018 ape Town, South Africa
Titolo Testata:
IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 50, anno: 2001,
pagine: 53 - 64
SICI:
1531-0353(200103)50:1<53:DAD-AI>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
dams; commission; decision-making; performance; water resources;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
8
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Wallace, P World Commiss Dams, Hycastle House,58 Loop St,POB 16002, ZA-8018 Cape Town, South Africa World Commiss Dams Hycastle House,58 Loop St,POB 16002 Cape Town South Africa ZA-8018
Citazione:
J. Bird e P. Wallace, "Dams and development - An insight to the report of the World Commission onDams", IRRIG DRAIN, 50(1), 2001, pp. 53-64

Abstract

The World Commission on Dams was initiated as a new form of global policy making to find a way beyond the intensifying conflicts over dam projects. It was established by diverse groups to conduct an independent global reviewof the performance and impacts of large dams and develop internationally acceptable criteria and guidelines for the future. The Commission's Report, Dams and Development: a New Framework for Decision Making, presents an integrated assessment of how large dams have performed against their development targets and what the costs and impacts have been. Performance was highly variable, with a considerable portion of those studied falling short of physical targets, while many continue to generate benefits beyond their projected economic life. Many were less profitable in economic terms than expected, indicating that there is considerable scope for improving performance of existing projects. The Commission considered theadverse impacts on ecosystems and people's livelihoods to be unacceptable and unnecessary. To move forward beyond conflict, the Commission presents a new framework for decision-making. It rejects the notion of trading one person's gain against another's loss and proposes an approach based on recognising rights andassessing risks for identifying legitimate stakeholders and negotiating development outcomes. Seven strategic priorities and corresponding policy principles for water and energy resources development were derived from this approach and a series of practical criteria and guidelines are presented. The Commission's recommendations require more attention to be paid to the preliminary stages of planning. This has time and cost implications, but inthe long run, the Commission's Report offers the opportunity to reduce conflict, reduce delays and lower overall costs to the operator, the government and to society in general. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 18:13:59