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Titolo:
Vertebrate pest damage to wrapped, baled silage in Ireland
Autore:
McNamara, K; OKiely, P; Whelan, J; Forristal, PD; Fuller, H; Lenehan, JJ;
Indirizzi:
TEAGASC, Grange Res Ctr, Dunsany, Meath, Ireland TEAGASC Dunsany Meath Ireland C, Grange Res Ctr, Dunsany, Meath, Ireland
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEST MANAGEMENT
fascicolo: 3, volume: 47, anno: 2001,
pagine: 167 - 172
SICI:
0967-0874(200107/09)47:3<167:VPDTWB>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
vertebrate pests; damage; cats; birds; baled silage;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McNamara, K TEAGASC, Grange Res Ctr, Dunsany, Meath, Ireland TEAGASC Dunsany Meath Ireland s Ctr, Dunsany, Meath, Ireland
Citazione:
K. McNamara et al., "Vertebrate pest damage to wrapped, baled silage in Ireland", INT J PEST, 47(3), 2001, pp. 167-172

Abstract

The scale of damage caused by vertebrates to the plastic wrap on baled silage was evaluated on Irish farms. A survey was conducted on 300 farms representative of farming systems and geographical locations throughout Ireland. The scale of damage was classified as farms with 0%, 1-10%, 11-50% or 51-100% of bales with holes in the plastic wrap caused by birds. The proportionof farms within these four classes with damage caused by birds during the short interval between wrapping and removal from the field to storage was 47%, 37%, 15% and 1% of the total, respectively. Correspondingly, during thesubsequent storage prior to feedout, bird damage was 37%, 50%, 12%, and 1%. Similarly, the proportions for damage throughout long-term storage due tocats were 71%, 23%, 6% and 0%, while the incidence of damage caused by rats, dogs and farm livestock was comparatively small. The stored bales were fenced against livestock on 86% of farms, while netting, bale painting and other protection methods were used to discourage damage on 2%, 17% and 9% offarms, respectively. The damage caused by birds was more prevalent on farms where the bales were stored on their curved side rather than their flat end, more than two tiers high and in farmyards rather than in fields. Cats damaged the sides and shoulders of the peripheral bales within bale collections, particularly where wrapped bales were stored in the farmyard.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 15:22:19