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Titolo:
Effects of age and occupation on cortical bone in a group of 18th-19th century British men
Autore:
Mays, S;
Indirizzi:
English Heritage Ctr Archaeol, Ancient Monuments Lab, Portsmouth PO4 9LD, Hants, England English Heritage Ctr Archaeol Portsmouth Hants England PO4 9LD s, England
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 116, anno: 2001,
pagine: 34 - 44
SICI:
0002-9483(200109)116:1<34:EOAAOO>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BATN-EL-HAJAR; 2ND METACARPAL; POSTCRANIAL ROBUSTICITY; MEDIEVAL POPULATION; BILATERAL ASYMMETRY; GRIP STRENGTH; HOMO-ERECTUS; OSTEOPOROSIS; WOMEN; RADIOGRAMMETRY;
Keywords:
spitalfields; biomechanics; osteoporosis; paleopathology; metacarpal;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
86
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Mays, S English Heritage Ctr Archaeol, Ancient Monuments Lab, Ft Cumberland Rd, Portsmouth PO4 9LD, Hants, England English Heritage Ctr Archaeol Ft Cumberland Rd Portsmouth Hants England PO4 9LD
Citazione:
S. Mays, "Effects of age and occupation on cortical bone in a group of 18th-19th century British men", AM J P ANTH, 116(1), 2001, pp. 34-44

Abstract

The effects of age and occupation on cortical bone in a group of adult males from the 18th-19th century AD skeletal collection from Christ Church Spitalfields, London, were investigated. Cortical bone was monitored using metacarpal radiogrammetry. Individual age at death was known exactly from coffin plates. Occupation for individuals was known from historical sources. Results showed that continued periosteal apposition was evident throughout adult life, but from middle age onwards this was outstripped by about 2:1 by endosteal resorption, so that there was net thinning of cortical bone. The rate of cortical thinning resembled that seen in modern European males. Cross-sectional properties, as measured by second moments of area, bore no relationship to occupation. The results may suggest that, firstly, patterns ofloss of cortical bone have remained unchanged in males for at least two centuries in Britain, and secondly, that biomechanical analyses of metacarpalcortical bone may be rather insensitive indicators of intensity of manual activity. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/10/20 alle ore 01:00:12