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Titolo:
Sensory impairments and subjective well-being among aged African American persons
Autore:
Bazargan, M; Baker, RS; Bazargan, SH;
Indirizzi:
Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci, Dept Family Med, Los Angeles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci Los Angeles CA USA 90059 eles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci, Dept Ophthalmol, Los Angeles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci Los Angeles CA USA 90059 eles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci, Dept Psychiat, Los Angeles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci Los Angeles CA USA 90059 eles, CA 90059 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Jules Stein Eye Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90024 Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Psychiat, Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA Univ Calif Los Angeles Los Angeles CA USA 90024 Los Angeles, CA 90024 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
fascicolo: 5, volume: 56, anno: 2001,
pagine: P268 - P278
SICI:
1079-5014(200109)56:5<P268:SIASWA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUALITY-OF-LIFE; MINI-MENTAL-STATE; HEARING-AID USE; OLDER ADULTS; VISUAL IMPAIRMENT; ELDERLY POPULATION; GENERAL-PRACTICE; SOCIAL SUPPORT; PREVALENCE; COMMUNITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
97
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bazargan, M Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci, Dept Family Med, 1725 E 120th St,MP 30, LosAngeles, CA 90059 USA Charles R Drew Univ Med & Sci 1725 E 120th St,MP 30 Los Angeles CA USA 90059
Citazione:
M. Bazargan et al., "Sensory impairments and subjective well-being among aged African American persons", J GERONT B, 56(5), 2001, pp. P268-P278

Abstract

The limited number of studies concerning the prevalence of hearing loss and vision impairment and their causes, and the lack of strategies to preventor treat the deleterious effects of hearing loss and vision impairment, point to a significant gap in the knowledge base concerning aged minority populations. This cross-sectional study evaluated the relationship between vision and hearing impairment and psychological well-being among a sample of 988 elderly African American persons. Fair or poor vision or hearing was reported for 36.5 % and 26 % of our sample, respectively. Reported prevalence rates for these impairments are considerably higher than rates previously documented in comparable studies of elderly people conducted in general (i.e., predominantly White) populations. Eighty-four percent of our study participants attempted to improve their vision through the use of eyeglasses. Bycontrast, only 4.3 % of individuals in the study who described their hearing as poor reported using hearing aids. Using multivariate analysis and other related variables that have previously been identified as common predictors of psychological well-being, the findings of this study suggest that poor vision is independently associated with a lower level of psychological well-being among aged African Americans even after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, functional limitations, perceived health status, andcognition. Poor hearing was also found to be associated with a lower levelof psychological well-being; however, this relationship was not independent but was mediated by the effect of hearing on functional status. These data indicate considerable potential for improved psychological well-being forAfrican American elderly people through visual and audiological rehabilitation.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 03:22:47