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Titolo:
Comparative impact of hearing and vision impairment on subsequent functioning
Autore:
Wallhagen, MI; Strawbridge, WJ; Shema, SJ; Kurata, J; Kaplan, GA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Nursing, Dept Physiol Nursing, San Francisco, CA 94143 USA Univ Calif San Francisco San Francisco CA USA 94143 ancisco, CA 94143 USA Inst Publ Hlth, Human Populat Lab, Berkeley, CA USA Inst Publ Hlth Berkeley CA USA Hlth, Human Populat Lab, Berkeley, CA USA No Calif Canc Ctr, Fremont, CA USA No Calif Canc Ctr Fremont CA USANo Calif Canc Ctr, Fremont, CA USA Calif Dept Hlth Serv, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Calif Dept Hlth Serv Berkeley CA USA 94704 h Serv, Berkeley, CA 94704 USA Univ Michigan, Sch Publ Hlth, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA Univ Michigan Ann Arbor MI USA 48109 h Publ Hlth, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 49, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1086 - 1092
SICI:
0002-8614(200108)49:8<1086:CIOHAV>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUALITY-OF-LIFE; VISUAL IMPAIRMENT; OLDER ADULTS; SENSORY IMPAIRMENT; PREVALENCE; AIDS; OTOTOXICITY; POPULATION; DISABILITY; PEOPLE;
Keywords:
hearing loss; vision loss; disability; cohort study;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Wallhagen, MI Univ Calif San Francisco, Sch Nursing, Dept Physiol Nursing,San Francisco, CA 94143 USA Univ Calif San Francisco San Francisco CA USA94143 143 USA
Citazione:
M.I. Wallhagen et al., "Comparative impact of hearing and vision impairment on subsequent functioning", J AM GER SO, 49(8), 2001, pp. 1086-1092

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare independent impacts of two levels of self-reported hearing and vision impairment on subsequent disability, physical functioning, mental health, and social functioning. DESIGN: A 1-year prospective cohort study. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, California. PARTICIPANTS: Two thousand four hundred forty-two community-dwelling men and women age 50 to 102 from the Alameda County Study (California). MEASUREMENTS: Hearing and vision impairment were assessed in 1994. Outcomes, measured in 1995, included physical disability (activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, physical performance, mobility, and lack of participation in activities), mental health (self-assessed, major depressive episode), and social functioning (feeling left out, feelinglonely, hard to feel close to others, inability to pay attention). All 1995 outcomes were adjusted for baseline 1994 values. RESULTS: Both impairments had strong independent impacts on subsequent functioning. Vision impairment exerted a more wide-ranging impact on functional status, ranging from physical disability to social functioning. However, the results also highlighted the importance of hearing impairment, even when mild. CONCLUSIONS: These impairments can be partially ameliorated through prevention, assessment, and treatment strategies. Greater attention to sensory impairments by clinicians, patients, public health advocates, and researchersis needed to enhance functioning in older adults.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 22:04:42